Profile of Substance Use among Patients Attending De-Addiction Centres in a Coastal City of Southern India

Nithin Kumar, Tanuj Kanchan, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Rekha Thapar, Prasanna Mithra, Vaman Kulkarni, Mohan Kumar Papanna, Ramesh Holla, Saran Sarathy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Drug dependence is still to be recognized in developing countries as a significant public health problem and literature on the magnitude of this problem is limited. The present research was planned to study the socio-demographic profile and the reasons for substance use among patients admitted at De-addiction centres in Mangalore, India. In this cross-sectional study, all the patients admitted at the De-addiction centres during the study period were interviewed. The data was analyzed and the results obtained were expressed in proportions. A total of 83 patients were included in the study, all of whom were males. A positive family history of substance use was evident in 63% of the respondents. The mean age of the study participants was 41.9 (SD±11.2) years and the mean age for starting substance use was 20.9 (SD±7.7) years. The most common substance used was alcohol (95.2%). Majority of the subjects (56.6%) cited peer pressure as a reason for initiating substance use. Our findings suggest that the initiation of substance use occurs during late teenage years and mostly due to peer pressure. Our observations point towards the vulnerability of younger age towards substance use and hence, it is proposed that the preventive health policies in this regard should be targeted specifically during teenage years.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere57824
JournalPLoS One
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28-02-2013

Fingerprint

India
peers
Public health
Medical problems
Developing countries
drug abuse
health policy
Alcohols
Health
Health Policy
cross-sectional studies
Developing Countries
Substance-Related Disorders
developing countries
public health
demographic statistics
alcohols
Public Health
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

@article{34720ca24eb04aa4838c2fb6f964d08b,
title = "Profile of Substance Use among Patients Attending De-Addiction Centres in a Coastal City of Southern India",
abstract = "Drug dependence is still to be recognized in developing countries as a significant public health problem and literature on the magnitude of this problem is limited. The present research was planned to study the socio-demographic profile and the reasons for substance use among patients admitted at De-addiction centres in Mangalore, India. In this cross-sectional study, all the patients admitted at the De-addiction centres during the study period were interviewed. The data was analyzed and the results obtained were expressed in proportions. A total of 83 patients were included in the study, all of whom were males. A positive family history of substance use was evident in 63{\%} of the respondents. The mean age of the study participants was 41.9 (SD±11.2) years and the mean age for starting substance use was 20.9 (SD±7.7) years. The most common substance used was alcohol (95.2{\%}). Majority of the subjects (56.6{\%}) cited peer pressure as a reason for initiating substance use. Our findings suggest that the initiation of substance use occurs during late teenage years and mostly due to peer pressure. Our observations point towards the vulnerability of younger age towards substance use and hence, it is proposed that the preventive health policies in this regard should be targeted specifically during teenage years.",
author = "Nithin Kumar and Tanuj Kanchan and Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan and Rekha Thapar and Prasanna Mithra and Vaman Kulkarni and Papanna, {Mohan Kumar} and Ramesh Holla and Saran Sarathy",
year = "2013",
month = "2",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0057824",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "PLoS One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "2",

}

Profile of Substance Use among Patients Attending De-Addiction Centres in a Coastal City of Southern India. / Kumar, Nithin; Kanchan, Tanuj; Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran; Thapar, Rekha; Mithra, Prasanna; Kulkarni, Vaman; Papanna, Mohan Kumar; Holla, Ramesh; Sarathy, Saran.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 8, No. 2, e57824, 28.02.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Profile of Substance Use among Patients Attending De-Addiction Centres in a Coastal City of Southern India

AU - Kumar, Nithin

AU - Kanchan, Tanuj

AU - Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran

AU - Thapar, Rekha

AU - Mithra, Prasanna

AU - Kulkarni, Vaman

AU - Papanna, Mohan Kumar

AU - Holla, Ramesh

AU - Sarathy, Saran

PY - 2013/2/28

Y1 - 2013/2/28

N2 - Drug dependence is still to be recognized in developing countries as a significant public health problem and literature on the magnitude of this problem is limited. The present research was planned to study the socio-demographic profile and the reasons for substance use among patients admitted at De-addiction centres in Mangalore, India. In this cross-sectional study, all the patients admitted at the De-addiction centres during the study period were interviewed. The data was analyzed and the results obtained were expressed in proportions. A total of 83 patients were included in the study, all of whom were males. A positive family history of substance use was evident in 63% of the respondents. The mean age of the study participants was 41.9 (SD±11.2) years and the mean age for starting substance use was 20.9 (SD±7.7) years. The most common substance used was alcohol (95.2%). Majority of the subjects (56.6%) cited peer pressure as a reason for initiating substance use. Our findings suggest that the initiation of substance use occurs during late teenage years and mostly due to peer pressure. Our observations point towards the vulnerability of younger age towards substance use and hence, it is proposed that the preventive health policies in this regard should be targeted specifically during teenage years.

AB - Drug dependence is still to be recognized in developing countries as a significant public health problem and literature on the magnitude of this problem is limited. The present research was planned to study the socio-demographic profile and the reasons for substance use among patients admitted at De-addiction centres in Mangalore, India. In this cross-sectional study, all the patients admitted at the De-addiction centres during the study period were interviewed. The data was analyzed and the results obtained were expressed in proportions. A total of 83 patients were included in the study, all of whom were males. A positive family history of substance use was evident in 63% of the respondents. The mean age of the study participants was 41.9 (SD±11.2) years and the mean age for starting substance use was 20.9 (SD±7.7) years. The most common substance used was alcohol (95.2%). Majority of the subjects (56.6%) cited peer pressure as a reason for initiating substance use. Our findings suggest that the initiation of substance use occurs during late teenage years and mostly due to peer pressure. Our observations point towards the vulnerability of younger age towards substance use and hence, it is proposed that the preventive health policies in this regard should be targeted specifically during teenage years.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84874570442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84874570442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0057824

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0057824

M3 - Article

VL - 8

JO - PLoS One

JF - PLoS One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 2

M1 - e57824

ER -