Profile of sudden deaths due to lung pathologies

Enyew Debash, Jagadish Rao Padubidri, Pavanchand Shetty, B. Suresh Kumar Shetty, Prateek Rastogi, Sesen Tsegaye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Sudden unexpected death due to respiratory disease contributes to 15 - 23% of all sudden death cases. Tuberculosis (TB) is a major respiratory cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and its prevalence is high in the Indian subcontinent, and cases may not be diagnosed until after an autopsy is performed. Aim of this study: The aim of this autopsy based retrospective study was to identify common causes ofsudden death due to lung pathologies, to study the prevalence of mycobacterium tuberculosis in autopsied lungs and to identify cases of active pulmonary tuberculosis. Material and Method: Confirmed cases of sudden deaths due to lung pathologies based on gross and histopathological examination from 2014-16 were included in the study. Results: Out of 210 cases of sudden unexpected deaths. 23.81% were due to lung pathologies, of which 25 (50%) of cases were due to pulmonary tuberculosis. 20% were found to be positive for acid fast bacilli (AFB) by Ziehl-Neelsen stain, 28% of cases were due to pneumonia, 6% of cases were due to pulmonary thromboembolism and 4% cases were due to acute respiratory distress syndrome. Conclusion: The risk of exposure to unrecognized active pulmonary tuberculosis cases is very high in this particular region of South India, so adequate precautions should be taken for the autopsy surgeons, lab technicians, mortuary workers and investigating officers while handling unknown cases of sudden deaths.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-155
Number of pages6
JournalMedico-Legal Update
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-12-2017

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Sudden Death
Pathology
Lung
Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Autopsy
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Pulmonary Embolism
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Bacillus
India
Cause of Death
Pneumonia
Tuberculosis
Coloring Agents
Retrospective Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Morbidity
Acids
Mortality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

Debash, Enyew ; Padubidri, Jagadish Rao ; Shetty, Pavanchand ; Suresh Kumar Shetty, B. ; Rastogi, Prateek ; Tsegaye, Sesen. / Profile of sudden deaths due to lung pathologies. In: Medico-Legal Update. 2017 ; Vol. 17, No. 2. pp. 150-155.
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Profile of sudden deaths due to lung pathologies. / Debash, Enyew; Padubidri, Jagadish Rao; Shetty, Pavanchand; Suresh Kumar Shetty, B.; Rastogi, Prateek; Tsegaye, Sesen.

In: Medico-Legal Update, Vol. 17, No. 2, 01.12.2017, p. 150-155.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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