Promoting developmental supportive care in preterm infants and families in a level III neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting in India

Y. Sathish, L. E. Lewis, J. A. Noronha, B. S. Nayak, M. S. Pai, L. Altimier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Despite evidence of short- and long-term benefits of developmental care, several studies have documented nurses' lack of knowledge and skills related to developmental care concepts. This study aims to enhance neonatal nurses' abilities to acquire care practices (knowledge and skills) regarding Developmental Supportive Care (DSC). A nonrandomized before and after intervention design was adopted to improve the knowledge and skills of staff nurses in DSC practices for preterm infants in Level III B NICU. The study included 50 level III B NICU nurses (25 in interventional group, 25 in control group) located within a tertiary care hospital in India. A significant increase in the mean knowledge score was seen among participants in the intervention group (pre-test: 16.6 ± 3.1, post-test: 29.9 ± 4.1, p = 0.01) but not in the control group (pre: 16.4 ± 2.2, post: 18.6 ± 3.6, p = 0.98). The improvement in the skills of providing DSC among neonatal nurses was also higher in the intervention group (106.4 ± 7.4) relative to the control group (65.8 ± 3.6), p < 0.01, at 0.05 level of significance. The Developmental Supportive Care Program (DSCP) had a significant impact in improving the knowledge and skills of nurses in providing care and preventing complications in preterm infants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102612
JournalNurse Education in Practice
Volume40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2019

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Neonatal Intensive Care Units
Premature Infants
India
infant
Nurses
Control Groups
nurse
Aptitude
Tertiary Healthcare
Tertiary Care Centers
Group
Neonatal Nurses
staff

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)
  • Education

Cite this

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abstract = "Despite evidence of short- and long-term benefits of developmental care, several studies have documented nurses' lack of knowledge and skills related to developmental care concepts. This study aims to enhance neonatal nurses' abilities to acquire care practices (knowledge and skills) regarding Developmental Supportive Care (DSC). A nonrandomized before and after intervention design was adopted to improve the knowledge and skills of staff nurses in DSC practices for preterm infants in Level III B NICU. The study included 50 level III B NICU nurses (25 in interventional group, 25 in control group) located within a tertiary care hospital in India. A significant increase in the mean knowledge score was seen among participants in the intervention group (pre-test: 16.6 ± 3.1, post-test: 29.9 ± 4.1, p = 0.01) but not in the control group (pre: 16.4 ± 2.2, post: 18.6 ± 3.6, p = 0.98). The improvement in the skills of providing DSC among neonatal nurses was also higher in the intervention group (106.4 ± 7.4) relative to the control group (65.8 ± 3.6), p < 0.01, at 0.05 level of significance. The Developmental Supportive Care Program (DSCP) had a significant impact in improving the knowledge and skills of nurses in providing care and preventing complications in preterm infants.",
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AU - Pai, M. S.

AU - Altimier, L.

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