Psychiatric co–morbidities among patients with select non–communicable diseases in a coastal city of South India

Vaman Kulkarni, Palanivel Chinnakali, Tanuj Kanchan, Abhijith Rao, Madhava Shenoy, Mohan Kumar Papanna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Psychiatric illnesses are an important group of co-morbidities that can occur among patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Both these chronic conditions have an important implication in terms of quality of life, general well-being and cost of treatment and general longevity of the patient. The objectives of our study were to assess the burden of psychiatric co-morbidities among patients with select NCDs and to identify the determinants associated with them.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the outpatient departments (OPDs) of Government District Hospital, Mangalore. The study was conducted among patients with select NCDs viz. diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ischemic heart diseases and their combinations attending OPDs of Government District Hospital, Mangalore. Participants were interviewed using Patient Health Questionnaire-Somatic, Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 11.0 (SPSS Inc., 233 South Wacker Drive, 11th floor, Chicago, IL 60606-6412). Bivariate and logistic regression analyses were performed to test the association between different variables.

Results: Among the 282 study participants, psychiatric illnesses observed were somatization (n = 99, 35.1%), anxiety (n = 54, 19.1%) and depression (n = 82, 29.1%). Bivariate analysis showed significant negative association (P <0.05) between psychiatric illness and factors such as education, marital status, age <60 years, duration of illness of <10 years. However, on multivariate analysis only marital status (odds ratio [OR]: 0.500, confidence interval [CI]: 0.321-0.777, P = 0.002) and duration of illness (OR: 0.651, CI: 0.439-0.967, P = 0.032) were found to be significantly associated negatively with depression and anxiety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1139-1145
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume5
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2014

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Psychiatry
Comorbidity
India
Anxiety
District Hospitals
Marital Status
Depression
Outpatients
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Morbidity
Health Care Costs
Myocardial Ischemia
Diabetes Mellitus
Multivariate Analysis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Quality of Life
Hypertension

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Psychiatric co–morbidities among patients with select non–communicable diseases in a coastal city of South India",
abstract = "Background: Psychiatric illnesses are an important group of co-morbidities that can occur among patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Both these chronic conditions have an important implication in terms of quality of life, general well-being and cost of treatment and general longevity of the patient. The objectives of our study were to assess the burden of psychiatric co-morbidities among patients with select NCDs and to identify the determinants associated with them.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the outpatient departments (OPDs) of Government District Hospital, Mangalore. The study was conducted among patients with select NCDs viz. diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ischemic heart diseases and their combinations attending OPDs of Government District Hospital, Mangalore. Participants were interviewed using Patient Health Questionnaire-Somatic, Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 11.0 (SPSS Inc., 233 South Wacker Drive, 11th floor, Chicago, IL 60606-6412). Bivariate and logistic regression analyses were performed to test the association between different variables.Results: Among the 282 study participants, psychiatric illnesses observed were somatization (n = 99, 35.1{\%}), anxiety (n = 54, 19.1{\%}) and depression (n = 82, 29.1{\%}). Bivariate analysis showed significant negative association (P <0.05) between psychiatric illness and factors such as education, marital status, age <60 years, duration of illness of <10 years. However, on multivariate analysis only marital status (odds ratio [OR]: 0.500, confidence interval [CI]: 0.321-0.777, P = 0.002) and duration of illness (OR: 0.651, CI: 0.439-0.967, P = 0.032) were found to be significantly associated negatively with depression and anxiety.",
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Psychiatric co–morbidities among patients with select non–communicable diseases in a coastal city of South India. / Kulkarni, Vaman; Chinnakali, Palanivel; Kanchan, Tanuj; Rao, Abhijith; Shenoy, Madhava; Papanna, Mohan Kumar.

In: International Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 5, No. 9, 01.09.2014, p. 1139-1145.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Chinnakali, Palanivel

AU - Kanchan, Tanuj

AU - Rao, Abhijith

AU - Shenoy, Madhava

AU - Papanna, Mohan Kumar

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N2 - Background: Psychiatric illnesses are an important group of co-morbidities that can occur among patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Both these chronic conditions have an important implication in terms of quality of life, general well-being and cost of treatment and general longevity of the patient. The objectives of our study were to assess the burden of psychiatric co-morbidities among patients with select NCDs and to identify the determinants associated with them.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the outpatient departments (OPDs) of Government District Hospital, Mangalore. The study was conducted among patients with select NCDs viz. diabetes mellitus, hypertension, ischemic heart diseases and their combinations attending OPDs of Government District Hospital, Mangalore. Participants were interviewed using Patient Health Questionnaire-Somatic, Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 11.0 (SPSS Inc., 233 South Wacker Drive, 11th floor, Chicago, IL 60606-6412). Bivariate and logistic regression analyses were performed to test the association between different variables.Results: Among the 282 study participants, psychiatric illnesses observed were somatization (n = 99, 35.1%), anxiety (n = 54, 19.1%) and depression (n = 82, 29.1%). Bivariate analysis showed significant negative association (P <0.05) between psychiatric illness and factors such as education, marital status, age <60 years, duration of illness of <10 years. However, on multivariate analysis only marital status (odds ratio [OR]: 0.500, confidence interval [CI]: 0.321-0.777, P = 0.002) and duration of illness (OR: 0.651, CI: 0.439-0.967, P = 0.032) were found to be significantly associated negatively with depression and anxiety.

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