Psychomotor functions at various weeks of chronic renal failure in rats

Merin Iype Chandanathil, Subramanya Upadhya, Sharmila Upadhya, Gopalakrishna Bhat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In chronic renal failure there is a gradual retention of substances in the tissues and body fluids, called as uremic retention toxins, which can bring about a number of biochemical activities in the body. Chronic renal insufficiency also leads to progressive behavioural conflict. Uremic toxins can affect both the central and the peripheral nervous system. Uremic encephalopathy is also associated with problems in cognition and memory. To study the psychomotor functional disorders in rats with progressive chronic renal failure surgical nephrectomy was done by resection method. The animals were grouped into two control groups, Sham control (SC) and normal control (NC) and two uremic groups, moderate uremia (GM) and severe uremia (GS). Psychomotor analysis was done by passive avoidance and open field in these animals at 4, 8, 12, and 16 weeks. After the incubation period, the nephrectomised groups (GM and GS) showed significant changes in exploratory, locomotor and emotional behaviour when compared to the controls (NC and SC). Psychomotor changes involve poor cognition, reduced memory, reduced locomotor activity and decreased exploratory drive and emotional disturbance like increased fear during the initial stages. During the later stages a restless behaviour was noticed, associated with diminished fear.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-211
Number of pages11
JournalCognitive Neurodynamics
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 07-03-2015

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Uremia
Chronic Kidney Failure
Cognition
Fear
Psychomotor Disorders
Affective Symptoms
Peripheral Nervous System
Brain Diseases
Body Fluids
Locomotion
Nephrectomy
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Central Nervous System
Control Groups
Retention (Psychology)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Chandanathil, Merin Iype ; Upadhya, Subramanya ; Upadhya, Sharmila ; Bhat, Gopalakrishna. / Psychomotor functions at various weeks of chronic renal failure in rats. In: Cognitive Neurodynamics. 2015 ; Vol. 9, No. 2. pp. 201-211.
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Psychomotor functions at various weeks of chronic renal failure in rats. / Chandanathil, Merin Iype; Upadhya, Subramanya; Upadhya, Sharmila; Bhat, Gopalakrishna.

In: Cognitive Neurodynamics, Vol. 9, No. 2, 07.03.2015, p. 201-211.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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