Radiomics in Urolithiasis: Systematic Review of Current Applications, Limitations, and Future Directions

Ee Jean Lim, Daniele Castellani, Wei Zheng So, Khi Yung Fong, Jing Qiu Li, Ho Yee Tiong, Nariman Gadzhiev, Chin Tiong Heng, Jeremy Yuen Chun Teoh, Nithesh Naik, Khurshid Ghani, Kemal Sarica, Jean De La Rosette, Bhaskar Somani, Vineet Gauhar

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Radiomics is increasingly applied to the diagnosis, management, and outcome prediction of various urological conditions. Urolithiasis is a common benign condition with a high incidence and recurrence rate. The purpose of this scoping review is to evaluate the current evidence of the application of radiomics in urolithiasis, especially its utility in diagnostics and therapeutics. An electronic literature search on radiomics in the setting of urolithiasis was conducted on PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus from inception to 21 March 2022. A total of 7 studies were included. Radiomics has been successfully applied in the field of urolithiasis to differentiate phleboliths from calculi and classify stone types and composition pre-operatively. More importantly, it has also been utilized to predict outcomes and complications after endourological procedures. Although radiomics in urolithiasis is still in its infancy, it has the potential for large-scale implementation. Its greatest potential lies in the correlation with conventional established diagnostic and therapeutic factors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5151
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume11
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09-2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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