Radioprotective effect of abana, a polyherbal drug following total body irradiation. / Baliga, M.S.; Jagetia, G.C.; Venkatesh, P.; Reddy, R.; Ulloor, J.N.In: British Journal of Radiology, Vol. 77, No. 924, 2004, p. 1027-1035.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
TY - JOUR
T1 - Radioprotective effect of abana, a polyherbal drug following total body irradiation
AU - Baliga, M.S.
AU - Jagetia, G.C.
AU - Venkatesh, P.
AU - Reddy, R.
AU - Ulloor, J.N.
N1 - Cited By :46 Export Date: 10 November 2017 CODEN: BJRAA Correspondence Address: Jagetia, G.C.; Department of Radiobiology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal-576 104 Karnataka, India Chemicals/CAS: 1,1 diphenyl 2 picrylhydrazyl, 1898-66-4; abana, 105863-96-5; glutathione, 70-18-8; nitric oxide, 10102-43-9; abana, 105863-96-5; Antioxidants; Biphenyl Compounds; diphenyl-p-picrylhydrazyl; Free Radical Scavengers; Glutathione, 70-18-8; Hydrazines; Nitric Oxide, 10102-43-9; Plant Extracts; Radiation-Protective Agents Manufacturers: Himalaya, India References: Patt, H.M., Tyree, E.B., Straube, R.L., Smith, D.E., Cysteine protection against X-irradiation (1949) Science, 110, pp. 213-214; Sweeney, T.R., A survey of compounds from the antiradiation drug development program of the U.S. Army Medical Research and development command (1979), pp. 308-318. , Government Printing office, Washington, D.C Publication; Saini, M.R., Kumar, S., Jagetia, G.C., Saini, N., Effect of Liv. 52 against radiation sickness and mortality (1984) Ind. 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PY - 2004
Y1 - 2004
N2 - Effects of 20 mg/kg body weight of abana (ABE) on radiation-induced sickness and mortality in mice exposed to 7 Gy to 12 Gy of gamma irradiation were studied. Treatment of mice with abana 1 h before irradiation delayed the onset of mortality and reduced the symptoms of radiation sickness when compared with the non-drug treated irradiated controls (double distilled water, DDW). Abana provided protection against both the gastrointestinal and haemopoietic deaths. However, animals of both the ABE+irradiation and DDW+irradiation groups did not survive up to 30 days post-irradiation beyond 11 Gy irradiation. The LD50/30 was found to be 8.5 Gy for the DDW+irradiation group and 10.3 Gy for ABE+irradiation group. The administration of abana resulted in an increase in radiation tolerance by 1.8 Gy, and the dose modification factor (DMF) was found to be 1.2. The irradiation of animals resulted in a dose dependent elevation in lipid peroxidation, and a reduction in glutathione (GSH) concentration on day 31 post-irradiation. Treatment of mice with abana before irradiation caused a significant depletion in lipid peroxidation followed by a significant elevation in GSH concentration in the liver of mice at day 31 post-irradiation. Abana scavenged •OH, DPPH, ABTS•+ and NO• in a concentration dependent manner in vitro. Our results indicate that the radioprotective activity of abana may be due to free radical scavenging and increased GSH level in irradiated mice.
AB - Effects of 20 mg/kg body weight of abana (ABE) on radiation-induced sickness and mortality in mice exposed to 7 Gy to 12 Gy of gamma irradiation were studied. Treatment of mice with abana 1 h before irradiation delayed the onset of mortality and reduced the symptoms of radiation sickness when compared with the non-drug treated irradiated controls (double distilled water, DDW). Abana provided protection against both the gastrointestinal and haemopoietic deaths. However, animals of both the ABE+irradiation and DDW+irradiation groups did not survive up to 30 days post-irradiation beyond 11 Gy irradiation. The LD50/30 was found to be 8.5 Gy for the DDW+irradiation group and 10.3 Gy for ABE+irradiation group. The administration of abana resulted in an increase in radiation tolerance by 1.8 Gy, and the dose modification factor (DMF) was found to be 1.2. The irradiation of animals resulted in a dose dependent elevation in lipid peroxidation, and a reduction in glutathione (GSH) concentration on day 31 post-irradiation. Treatment of mice with abana before irradiation caused a significant depletion in lipid peroxidation followed by a significant elevation in GSH concentration in the liver of mice at day 31 post-irradiation. Abana scavenged •OH, DPPH, ABTS•+ and NO• in a concentration dependent manner in vitro. Our results indicate that the radioprotective activity of abana may be due to free radical scavenging and increased GSH level in irradiated mice.
U2 - 10.1259/bjr/83720350
DO - 10.1259/bjr/83720350
M3 - Article
VL - 77
SP - 1027
EP - 1035
JO - British Journal of Radiology
JF - British Journal of Radiology
SN - 0007-1285
IS - 924