Radioprotective potential of plants and herbs against the effects of ionizing radiation

Ganesh C. Jagetia

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

154 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ionizing radiations produce deleterious effects in the living organisms and the rapid technological advancement has increased human exposure to ionizing radiations enormously. There is a need to protect humans against such effects of ionizing radiation. Attempts to protect against the deleterious effects of ionizing radiations by pharmacological intervention were made as early as 1949 and efforts are continued to search radioprotectors, which may be of great help for human application. This review mainly dwells on the radioprotective potential of plant and herbal extracts. The results obtained from in vitro and in vivo studies indicate that several botanicals such as Gingko biloba, Centella asiatica, Hippophae rhamnoides, Ocimum sanctum, Panax ginseng, Podophyllum hexandrum, Amaranthus paniculatus, Emblica officinalis, Phyllanthus amarus, Piper longum, Tinospora cordifoila, Mentha arvensis, Mentha piperita, Syzygium cumini, Zingiber officinale, Ageratum conyzoides, Aegle marmelos and Aphanamixis polystachya protect against radiation-induced lethality, lipid peroxidation and DNA damage. The fractionation-guided evaluation may help to develop new radioprotectors of desired activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-81
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2007
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ionizing radiation
Ionizing Radiation
Podophyllum
Ageratum
Aegle
Tinospora
Hippophae
Phyllanthus emblica
Centella
Phyllanthus
Mentha piperita
Amaranthus
Piper
Mentha
Syzygium
Ginger
Ginkgo biloba
Panax
Plant Extracts
Fractionation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Clinical Biochemistry

Cite this

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Radioprotective potential of plants and herbs against the effects of ionizing radiation. / Jagetia, Ganesh C.

In: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition, Vol. 40, No. 2, 01.03.2007, p. 74-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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