Relationship between geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) and oral health status of the institutionalized elderly in Mangalore, India

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Oral health of the geriatric population plays a major role in their overall health and quality of life. There is lack of access to dental care among the institutionalized elderly and there is a need to know their felt oral health needs and oral health evaluation of this population. Method: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive type of survey carried out among the institutionalized elderly in Mangalore. The study population comprised all the elderly aged 60 years and above residing in homes for the elderly. Oral health-related quality of life was assessed using a pretested, self-administered questionnaire, Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI). Oral examination was conducted in the homes using WHO oral health assessment form. The data were coded, statistical analysis was done using the SPSS version 19.0 and level of significance was kept at p < 0.05. Findings: A total of 175 individuals participated in this study. Prevalence of dental caries was 44.6% (20.32±10.19), root caries was 40%, 57% had periodontal disease and 96% were complete or partially edentulous respectively. There was a significant association between GOHAI scores and the method of cleaning (p<0.005) and the frequency of changing toothbrush (p<0.005). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that there is a high burden of oral disease among the elderly. There is an urgent need for an organized geriatric dental care programs as their oral health is neglected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-151
Number of pages6
JournalIndian Journal of Public Health Research and Development
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-04-2019

Fingerprint

Health Status Indicators
Oral Health
Geriatrics
India
Dental Care
Mouth Diseases
Root Caries
Quality of Life
Population
Oral Diagnosis
Dental Caries
Periodontal Diseases
Cross-Sectional Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{9b5c4caf78ad461991fcb9aa3952d475,
title = "Relationship between geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) and oral health status of the institutionalized elderly in Mangalore, India",
abstract = "Background: Oral health of the geriatric population plays a major role in their overall health and quality of life. There is lack of access to dental care among the institutionalized elderly and there is a need to know their felt oral health needs and oral health evaluation of this population. Method: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive type of survey carried out among the institutionalized elderly in Mangalore. The study population comprised all the elderly aged 60 years and above residing in homes for the elderly. Oral health-related quality of life was assessed using a pretested, self-administered questionnaire, Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI). Oral examination was conducted in the homes using WHO oral health assessment form. The data were coded, statistical analysis was done using the SPSS version 19.0 and level of significance was kept at p < 0.05. Findings: A total of 175 individuals participated in this study. Prevalence of dental caries was 44.6{\%} (20.32±10.19), root caries was 40{\%}, 57{\%} had periodontal disease and 96{\%} were complete or partially edentulous respectively. There was a significant association between GOHAI scores and the method of cleaning (p<0.005) and the frequency of changing toothbrush (p<0.005). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that there is a high burden of oral disease among the elderly. There is an urgent need for an organized geriatric dental care programs as their oral health is neglected.",
author = "Priyanka Ravi and Ashwini Rao and Gururaghavendran Rajesh and Ramya Shenoy and Pai, {B. H.Mithun}",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5958/0976-5506.2019.00680.6",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "146--151",
journal = "Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development",
issn = "0976-0245",
publisher = "R.K. Sharma, Institute of Medico-Legal Publications",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship between geriatric oral health assessment index (GOHAI) and oral health status of the institutionalized elderly in Mangalore, India

AU - Ravi, Priyanka

AU - Rao, Ashwini

AU - Rajesh, Gururaghavendran

AU - Shenoy, Ramya

AU - Pai, B. H.Mithun

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - Background: Oral health of the geriatric population plays a major role in their overall health and quality of life. There is lack of access to dental care among the institutionalized elderly and there is a need to know their felt oral health needs and oral health evaluation of this population. Method: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive type of survey carried out among the institutionalized elderly in Mangalore. The study population comprised all the elderly aged 60 years and above residing in homes for the elderly. Oral health-related quality of life was assessed using a pretested, self-administered questionnaire, Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI). Oral examination was conducted in the homes using WHO oral health assessment form. The data were coded, statistical analysis was done using the SPSS version 19.0 and level of significance was kept at p < 0.05. Findings: A total of 175 individuals participated in this study. Prevalence of dental caries was 44.6% (20.32±10.19), root caries was 40%, 57% had periodontal disease and 96% were complete or partially edentulous respectively. There was a significant association between GOHAI scores and the method of cleaning (p<0.005) and the frequency of changing toothbrush (p<0.005). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that there is a high burden of oral disease among the elderly. There is an urgent need for an organized geriatric dental care programs as their oral health is neglected.

AB - Background: Oral health of the geriatric population plays a major role in their overall health and quality of life. There is lack of access to dental care among the institutionalized elderly and there is a need to know their felt oral health needs and oral health evaluation of this population. Method: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive type of survey carried out among the institutionalized elderly in Mangalore. The study population comprised all the elderly aged 60 years and above residing in homes for the elderly. Oral health-related quality of life was assessed using a pretested, self-administered questionnaire, Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI). Oral examination was conducted in the homes using WHO oral health assessment form. The data were coded, statistical analysis was done using the SPSS version 19.0 and level of significance was kept at p < 0.05. Findings: A total of 175 individuals participated in this study. Prevalence of dental caries was 44.6% (20.32±10.19), root caries was 40%, 57% had periodontal disease and 96% were complete or partially edentulous respectively. There was a significant association between GOHAI scores and the method of cleaning (p<0.005) and the frequency of changing toothbrush (p<0.005). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that there is a high burden of oral disease among the elderly. There is an urgent need for an organized geriatric dental care programs as their oral health is neglected.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85064852659&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85064852659&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5958/0976-5506.2019.00680.6

DO - 10.5958/0976-5506.2019.00680.6

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85064852659

VL - 10

SP - 146

EP - 151

JO - Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development

JF - Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development

SN - 0976-0245

IS - 4

ER -