Abstract

Purpose: To assess the remineralising efficacy of fluoride varnish containing additives and conventional sodium fluoride varnish. Materials and Methods: 72 extracted upper central incisors specimens were randomly allocated to four groups after demineralisation: control; 5% sodium fluoride varnish (FV) (Fluoritop-SR); resin modified glass ionomer-based calcium phosphate containing fluoride varnish (CV) (Clinpro XT); fluoride varnish with xylitol coated calcium phosphate (cXp) (Embrace). Change in surface morphology, calcium phosphorous ratio and fluoride content of enamel were evaluated using scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDAX). Change in surface roughness was evaluated using profilometer analysis. All readings were taken at baseline, after demineralisation, at 2 weeks and 4 weeks of remineralisation. Results: At 4 weeks of remineralisation surface roughness values were ranked as follows: control > FV = cXp > CV. Calcium phosphorus ratios were in the order: CV > FV = cXp > control and fluoride content (for treatment groups): CV = cXp > FV. Scanning electron microscopy images showed mineral deposition on the surfaces of the treatment groups with different deposition pattern of minerals. Conclusion: Fluoride varnishes with or without additives are effective in remineralisation of early enamel lesions. Glass ionomer-based fluoride varnish results in better remineralisation than xylitol coated calcium phosphate containing fluoride varnish and 5% sodium fluoride varnish.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-393
Number of pages9
JournalOral Health and Preventive Dentistry
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2019

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Topical Fluorides
Sodium Fluoride
Xylitol
In Vitro Techniques
Dental Enamel
Fluorides
Minerals
Calcium

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dental Hygiene

Cite this

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title = "Remineralising effectiveness of two fluoride varnishes containing additives: An in vitro study",
abstract = "Purpose: To assess the remineralising efficacy of fluoride varnish containing additives and conventional sodium fluoride varnish. Materials and Methods: 72 extracted upper central incisors specimens were randomly allocated to four groups after demineralisation: control; 5{\%} sodium fluoride varnish (FV) (Fluoritop-SR); resin modified glass ionomer-based calcium phosphate containing fluoride varnish (CV) (Clinpro XT); fluoride varnish with xylitol coated calcium phosphate (cXp) (Embrace). Change in surface morphology, calcium phosphorous ratio and fluoride content of enamel were evaluated using scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDAX). Change in surface roughness was evaluated using profilometer analysis. All readings were taken at baseline, after demineralisation, at 2 weeks and 4 weeks of remineralisation. Results: At 4 weeks of remineralisation surface roughness values were ranked as follows: control > FV = cXp > CV. Calcium phosphorus ratios were in the order: CV > FV = cXp > control and fluoride content (for treatment groups): CV = cXp > FV. Scanning electron microscopy images showed mineral deposition on the surfaces of the treatment groups with different deposition pattern of minerals. Conclusion: Fluoride varnishes with or without additives are effective in remineralisation of early enamel lesions. Glass ionomer-based fluoride varnish results in better remineralisation than xylitol coated calcium phosphate containing fluoride varnish and 5{\%} sodium fluoride varnish.",
author = "Avani Jain and Suprabha, {Baranya Shrikrishna} and Ramya Shenoy and Srikant Natarajan and Arathi Rao",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3290/j.ohpd.a42686",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "385--393",
journal = "Oral health & preventive dentistry",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Remineralising effectiveness of two fluoride varnishes containing additives

T2 - An in vitro study

AU - Jain, Avani

AU - Suprabha, Baranya Shrikrishna

AU - Shenoy, Ramya

AU - Natarajan, Srikant

AU - Rao, Arathi

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Purpose: To assess the remineralising efficacy of fluoride varnish containing additives and conventional sodium fluoride varnish. Materials and Methods: 72 extracted upper central incisors specimens were randomly allocated to four groups after demineralisation: control; 5% sodium fluoride varnish (FV) (Fluoritop-SR); resin modified glass ionomer-based calcium phosphate containing fluoride varnish (CV) (Clinpro XT); fluoride varnish with xylitol coated calcium phosphate (cXp) (Embrace). Change in surface morphology, calcium phosphorous ratio and fluoride content of enamel were evaluated using scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDAX). Change in surface roughness was evaluated using profilometer analysis. All readings were taken at baseline, after demineralisation, at 2 weeks and 4 weeks of remineralisation. Results: At 4 weeks of remineralisation surface roughness values were ranked as follows: control > FV = cXp > CV. Calcium phosphorus ratios were in the order: CV > FV = cXp > control and fluoride content (for treatment groups): CV = cXp > FV. Scanning electron microscopy images showed mineral deposition on the surfaces of the treatment groups with different deposition pattern of minerals. Conclusion: Fluoride varnishes with or without additives are effective in remineralisation of early enamel lesions. Glass ionomer-based fluoride varnish results in better remineralisation than xylitol coated calcium phosphate containing fluoride varnish and 5% sodium fluoride varnish.

AB - Purpose: To assess the remineralising efficacy of fluoride varnish containing additives and conventional sodium fluoride varnish. Materials and Methods: 72 extracted upper central incisors specimens were randomly allocated to four groups after demineralisation: control; 5% sodium fluoride varnish (FV) (Fluoritop-SR); resin modified glass ionomer-based calcium phosphate containing fluoride varnish (CV) (Clinpro XT); fluoride varnish with xylitol coated calcium phosphate (cXp) (Embrace). Change in surface morphology, calcium phosphorous ratio and fluoride content of enamel were evaluated using scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDAX). Change in surface roughness was evaluated using profilometer analysis. All readings were taken at baseline, after demineralisation, at 2 weeks and 4 weeks of remineralisation. Results: At 4 weeks of remineralisation surface roughness values were ranked as follows: control > FV = cXp > CV. Calcium phosphorus ratios were in the order: CV > FV = cXp > control and fluoride content (for treatment groups): CV = cXp > FV. Scanning electron microscopy images showed mineral deposition on the surfaces of the treatment groups with different deposition pattern of minerals. Conclusion: Fluoride varnishes with or without additives are effective in remineralisation of early enamel lesions. Glass ionomer-based fluoride varnish results in better remineralisation than xylitol coated calcium phosphate containing fluoride varnish and 5% sodium fluoride varnish.

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