Response of Sandy Lake in Schirmacher Oasis, East Antarctica to the glacial-interglacial climate shift

Badanal Siddaiah Mahesh, Anish Kumar Warrier, Rahul Mohan, Manish Tiwari, Rajdeep Roy, Rajesh Asthana, Rasik Ravindra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Freshwater lakes in Antarctica fluctuate from ice-free state (during austral summer) to ice-cover state (during austral winter). Hence the lakes respond instantly to the seasonal climate of the region. The Antarctic seasons respond sharply to the glacial and interglacial climates and these signatures are archived in the lake sediments. A sediment core from Sandy Lake, a periglacial lake located in Schirmacher Oasis of East Antarctica records distinct changes in grain-size, C, N, C/N ratios (atomic), δ13COM and δ15NOM contents during the last 36 ky. The contents of the sedimentary organic matter (OM) proxies (Corg ~ 0.3 ± 0.2%, C/N ratios ~9 ± 5 and δ13COM ~−18 ± 6‰) indicate that the OM in this lake sediment is a product of mixing of terrestrial and lacustrine biomass. Distinctly lower contents of Corg (~0.2%) and sand (~50%), low C/N ratios (~8) and depleted δ13COM (~−20‰) during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM: 32–17 ky BP based on Vostok Temperatures) suggest greater internal (autochthonous) provenance of organic matter and limited terrestrial (allochthonous) inputs probably due to long and intense winters in the Antarctic. Such intense winters might have resulted the lake surface to be ice-covered for most part of the year when the temperatures remained consistently colder than the Holocene temperatures. The denitrification within the lake evident by enriched δ15NOM (>10‰) during Antarctic LGM might have resulted from oxygen-limitation within the lake environment caused by insulated lake surface. The gradual increases in δ13COM, C/N and sand content starting at ~11 ky BP and attaining high values (~−11‰, ~10 and ~80% respectively) at ~6 ky BP together suggest a subtle change in the balance of sources of organic matter between algal and macrophyte/bryophyte nearly 8–9 ky later to the beginning of the deglaciation. Thus the seasonal opening-up of the Sandy Lake similar to the modern pattern started with the establishment of the optimum temperature conditions (i.e., 0 °C anomaly) in the Antarctic, prior to which the lake environment might have remained mostly insulated or closed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-289
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Paleolimnology
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2017

Fingerprint

oases
oasis
interglacial
Antarctica
climate
lakes
lake
organic matter
lacustrine environment
carbon nitrogen ratio
lacustrine deposit
winter
ice
temperature
sediments
sand
bryophyte
deglaciation
macrophyte
ice cover

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aquatic Science
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Mahesh, Badanal Siddaiah ; Warrier, Anish Kumar ; Mohan, Rahul ; Tiwari, Manish ; Roy, Rajdeep ; Asthana, Rajesh ; Ravindra, Rasik. / Response of Sandy Lake in Schirmacher Oasis, East Antarctica to the glacial-interglacial climate shift. In: Journal of Paleolimnology. 2017 ; Vol. 58, No. 3. pp. 275-289.
@article{c81e2338a2d3403ba94b68909253dc7d,
title = "Response of Sandy Lake in Schirmacher Oasis, East Antarctica to the glacial-interglacial climate shift",
abstract = "Freshwater lakes in Antarctica fluctuate from ice-free state (during austral summer) to ice-cover state (during austral winter). Hence the lakes respond instantly to the seasonal climate of the region. The Antarctic seasons respond sharply to the glacial and interglacial climates and these signatures are archived in the lake sediments. A sediment core from Sandy Lake, a periglacial lake located in Schirmacher Oasis of East Antarctica records distinct changes in grain-size, C, N, C/N ratios (atomic), δ13COM and δ15NOM contents during the last 36 ky. The contents of the sedimentary organic matter (OM) proxies (Corg ~ 0.3 ± 0.2{\%}, C/N ratios ~9 ± 5 and δ13COM ~−18 ± 6‰) indicate that the OM in this lake sediment is a product of mixing of terrestrial and lacustrine biomass. Distinctly lower contents of Corg (~0.2{\%}) and sand (~50{\%}), low C/N ratios (~8) and depleted δ13COM (~−20‰) during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM: 32–17 ky BP based on Vostok Temperatures) suggest greater internal (autochthonous) provenance of organic matter and limited terrestrial (allochthonous) inputs probably due to long and intense winters in the Antarctic. Such intense winters might have resulted the lake surface to be ice-covered for most part of the year when the temperatures remained consistently colder than the Holocene temperatures. The denitrification within the lake evident by enriched δ15NOM (>10‰) during Antarctic LGM might have resulted from oxygen-limitation within the lake environment caused by insulated lake surface. The gradual increases in δ13COM, C/N and sand content starting at ~11 ky BP and attaining high values (~−11‰, ~10 and ~80{\%} respectively) at ~6 ky BP together suggest a subtle change in the balance of sources of organic matter between algal and macrophyte/bryophyte nearly 8–9 ky later to the beginning of the deglaciation. Thus the seasonal opening-up of the Sandy Lake similar to the modern pattern started with the establishment of the optimum temperature conditions (i.e., 0 °C anomaly) in the Antarctic, prior to which the lake environment might have remained mostly insulated or closed.",
author = "Mahesh, {Badanal Siddaiah} and Warrier, {Anish Kumar} and Rahul Mohan and Manish Tiwari and Rajdeep Roy and Rajesh Asthana and Rasik Ravindra",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10933-017-9977-8",
language = "English",
volume = "58",
pages = "275--289",
journal = "Journal of Paleolimnology",
issn = "0921-2728",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "3",

}

Response of Sandy Lake in Schirmacher Oasis, East Antarctica to the glacial-interglacial climate shift. / Mahesh, Badanal Siddaiah; Warrier, Anish Kumar; Mohan, Rahul; Tiwari, Manish; Roy, Rajdeep; Asthana, Rajesh; Ravindra, Rasik.

In: Journal of Paleolimnology, Vol. 58, No. 3, 01.10.2017, p. 275-289.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Response of Sandy Lake in Schirmacher Oasis, East Antarctica to the glacial-interglacial climate shift

AU - Mahesh, Badanal Siddaiah

AU - Warrier, Anish Kumar

AU - Mohan, Rahul

AU - Tiwari, Manish

AU - Roy, Rajdeep

AU - Asthana, Rajesh

AU - Ravindra, Rasik

PY - 2017/10/1

Y1 - 2017/10/1

N2 - Freshwater lakes in Antarctica fluctuate from ice-free state (during austral summer) to ice-cover state (during austral winter). Hence the lakes respond instantly to the seasonal climate of the region. The Antarctic seasons respond sharply to the glacial and interglacial climates and these signatures are archived in the lake sediments. A sediment core from Sandy Lake, a periglacial lake located in Schirmacher Oasis of East Antarctica records distinct changes in grain-size, C, N, C/N ratios (atomic), δ13COM and δ15NOM contents during the last 36 ky. The contents of the sedimentary organic matter (OM) proxies (Corg ~ 0.3 ± 0.2%, C/N ratios ~9 ± 5 and δ13COM ~−18 ± 6‰) indicate that the OM in this lake sediment is a product of mixing of terrestrial and lacustrine biomass. Distinctly lower contents of Corg (~0.2%) and sand (~50%), low C/N ratios (~8) and depleted δ13COM (~−20‰) during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM: 32–17 ky BP based on Vostok Temperatures) suggest greater internal (autochthonous) provenance of organic matter and limited terrestrial (allochthonous) inputs probably due to long and intense winters in the Antarctic. Such intense winters might have resulted the lake surface to be ice-covered for most part of the year when the temperatures remained consistently colder than the Holocene temperatures. The denitrification within the lake evident by enriched δ15NOM (>10‰) during Antarctic LGM might have resulted from oxygen-limitation within the lake environment caused by insulated lake surface. The gradual increases in δ13COM, C/N and sand content starting at ~11 ky BP and attaining high values (~−11‰, ~10 and ~80% respectively) at ~6 ky BP together suggest a subtle change in the balance of sources of organic matter between algal and macrophyte/bryophyte nearly 8–9 ky later to the beginning of the deglaciation. Thus the seasonal opening-up of the Sandy Lake similar to the modern pattern started with the establishment of the optimum temperature conditions (i.e., 0 °C anomaly) in the Antarctic, prior to which the lake environment might have remained mostly insulated or closed.

AB - Freshwater lakes in Antarctica fluctuate from ice-free state (during austral summer) to ice-cover state (during austral winter). Hence the lakes respond instantly to the seasonal climate of the region. The Antarctic seasons respond sharply to the glacial and interglacial climates and these signatures are archived in the lake sediments. A sediment core from Sandy Lake, a periglacial lake located in Schirmacher Oasis of East Antarctica records distinct changes in grain-size, C, N, C/N ratios (atomic), δ13COM and δ15NOM contents during the last 36 ky. The contents of the sedimentary organic matter (OM) proxies (Corg ~ 0.3 ± 0.2%, C/N ratios ~9 ± 5 and δ13COM ~−18 ± 6‰) indicate that the OM in this lake sediment is a product of mixing of terrestrial and lacustrine biomass. Distinctly lower contents of Corg (~0.2%) and sand (~50%), low C/N ratios (~8) and depleted δ13COM (~−20‰) during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM: 32–17 ky BP based on Vostok Temperatures) suggest greater internal (autochthonous) provenance of organic matter and limited terrestrial (allochthonous) inputs probably due to long and intense winters in the Antarctic. Such intense winters might have resulted the lake surface to be ice-covered for most part of the year when the temperatures remained consistently colder than the Holocene temperatures. The denitrification within the lake evident by enriched δ15NOM (>10‰) during Antarctic LGM might have resulted from oxygen-limitation within the lake environment caused by insulated lake surface. The gradual increases in δ13COM, C/N and sand content starting at ~11 ky BP and attaining high values (~−11‰, ~10 and ~80% respectively) at ~6 ky BP together suggest a subtle change in the balance of sources of organic matter between algal and macrophyte/bryophyte nearly 8–9 ky later to the beginning of the deglaciation. Thus the seasonal opening-up of the Sandy Lake similar to the modern pattern started with the establishment of the optimum temperature conditions (i.e., 0 °C anomaly) in the Antarctic, prior to which the lake environment might have remained mostly insulated or closed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85020729672&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85020729672&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10933-017-9977-8

DO - 10.1007/s10933-017-9977-8

M3 - Article

VL - 58

SP - 275

EP - 289

JO - Journal of Paleolimnology

JF - Journal of Paleolimnology

SN - 0921-2728

IS - 3

ER -