Resveratrol for prenatal-stress-induced oxidative damage in growing brain and its consequences on survival of neurons

Sampath Madhyastha, Sudhanshu Sekhar Sahu, Gayathri Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Prenatal-stress-induced neuronal damage in offspring is multifactorial, including oxidative damage in the developing brain. Resveratrol is known to exert its neuroprotective potentials by upregulating several antioxidant systems. Hence, the study was undertaken to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of resveratrol against prenatal-stress-induced hippocampal damage and oxidative damage in neonate rat brains. Methods: Pregnant rats were subjected to restraint stress during early or late gestational period. Another set of rats received resveratrol during the entire gestational period along with early or late gestational stress. The study parameters included several antioxidant studies directly from rat brain homogenate on the 40th postnatal day and hippocampal neuronal assay on the 21st postnatal day. Results: Early as well as late gestational stress resulted in a significant increase in lipid peroxidation and advanced oxidation protein products and decrease in total antioxidant activity and nitric oxide levels in rat brain homogenate. The neurons of the dentate gyrus were severely affected in early and late gestational stress, and only the neurons of the CA3 region were adversely affected in late gestational stress. Administration of resveratrol reversed the prenatalstress- induced oxidative damage and neurons of dentate gyrus but not the CA3 hippocampal neurons. Conclusions: These results show the neuroprotective abilities of resveratrol against prenatal-stress-induced oxidative damage in neonatal rat brain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-72
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physiology
  • Medicine(all)

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