Retromolar foramen and canal: A comprehensive review on its anatomy and clinical applications

B. Kumar Potu, S. Jagadeesan, K. Bhat, S. Rao Sirasanagandla

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The retromolar foramen (RMF) and retromolar canal (RMC) are the anatomical structures of the mandible located in retromolar fossa behind the third molar tooth. This foramen and canal contain neurovascular structures which provide accessory/additional innervation to the mandibular molars and the buccal area. These neurovascular contents of the canal gain more importance in medical and dental practice, because these elements are vulnerable to damage during placement of osteointegrated implants, endodontic treatment and sagittal split osteotomy surgeries and a detailed knowledge of this anatomical variation would be vital in understanding failed inferior alveolar nerve blockage, spread of infection and also metastasis. Although few studies have been conducted in the past showing the incidence and types in different population groups, a lacunae in comprehensive review of this structure is lacking. Though this variation posed challenging situations for the practicing surgeons, it has been quite neglected and the incidence of it is not well presented in all the textbooks. Hence, we made an attempt to provide a consolidated review regarding variations and clinical applications of the RMF and RMC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-37
Number of pages7
JournalMorphologie
Volume97
Issue number317
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Anatomy
Tooth
Mandibular Nerve
Third Molar
Textbooks
Cheek
Endodontics
Incidence
Osteotomy
Mandible
Population Groups
Neoplasm Metastasis
Infection
Therapeutics
Surgeons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anatomy

Cite this

Kumar Potu, B. ; Jagadeesan, S. ; Bhat, K. ; Rao Sirasanagandla, S. / Retromolar foramen and canal : A comprehensive review on its anatomy and clinical applications. In: Morphologie. 2013 ; Vol. 97, No. 317. pp. 31-37.
@article{03cbea23e69b4c6cb82a8937fd2fb6fd,
title = "Retromolar foramen and canal: A comprehensive review on its anatomy and clinical applications",
abstract = "The retromolar foramen (RMF) and retromolar canal (RMC) are the anatomical structures of the mandible located in retromolar fossa behind the third molar tooth. This foramen and canal contain neurovascular structures which provide accessory/additional innervation to the mandibular molars and the buccal area. These neurovascular contents of the canal gain more importance in medical and dental practice, because these elements are vulnerable to damage during placement of osteointegrated implants, endodontic treatment and sagittal split osteotomy surgeries and a detailed knowledge of this anatomical variation would be vital in understanding failed inferior alveolar nerve blockage, spread of infection and also metastasis. Although few studies have been conducted in the past showing the incidence and types in different population groups, a lacunae in comprehensive review of this structure is lacking. Though this variation posed challenging situations for the practicing surgeons, it has been quite neglected and the incidence of it is not well presented in all the textbooks. Hence, we made an attempt to provide a consolidated review regarding variations and clinical applications of the RMF and RMC.",
author = "{Kumar Potu}, B. and S. Jagadeesan and K. Bhat and {Rao Sirasanagandla}, S.",
year = "2013",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.morpho.2013.04.004",
language = "English",
volume = "97",
pages = "31--37",
journal = "Morphologie",
issn = "1286-0115",
publisher = "Elsevier Masson",
number = "317",

}

Kumar Potu, B, Jagadeesan, S, Bhat, K & Rao Sirasanagandla, S 2013, 'Retromolar foramen and canal: A comprehensive review on its anatomy and clinical applications', Morphologie, vol. 97, no. 317, pp. 31-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.morpho.2013.04.004

Retromolar foramen and canal : A comprehensive review on its anatomy and clinical applications. / Kumar Potu, B.; Jagadeesan, S.; Bhat, K.; Rao Sirasanagandla, S.

In: Morphologie, Vol. 97, No. 317, 01.06.2013, p. 31-37.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Retromolar foramen and canal

T2 - A comprehensive review on its anatomy and clinical applications

AU - Kumar Potu, B.

AU - Jagadeesan, S.

AU - Bhat, K.

AU - Rao Sirasanagandla, S.

PY - 2013/6/1

Y1 - 2013/6/1

N2 - The retromolar foramen (RMF) and retromolar canal (RMC) are the anatomical structures of the mandible located in retromolar fossa behind the third molar tooth. This foramen and canal contain neurovascular structures which provide accessory/additional innervation to the mandibular molars and the buccal area. These neurovascular contents of the canal gain more importance in medical and dental practice, because these elements are vulnerable to damage during placement of osteointegrated implants, endodontic treatment and sagittal split osteotomy surgeries and a detailed knowledge of this anatomical variation would be vital in understanding failed inferior alveolar nerve blockage, spread of infection and also metastasis. Although few studies have been conducted in the past showing the incidence and types in different population groups, a lacunae in comprehensive review of this structure is lacking. Though this variation posed challenging situations for the practicing surgeons, it has been quite neglected and the incidence of it is not well presented in all the textbooks. Hence, we made an attempt to provide a consolidated review regarding variations and clinical applications of the RMF and RMC.

AB - The retromolar foramen (RMF) and retromolar canal (RMC) are the anatomical structures of the mandible located in retromolar fossa behind the third molar tooth. This foramen and canal contain neurovascular structures which provide accessory/additional innervation to the mandibular molars and the buccal area. These neurovascular contents of the canal gain more importance in medical and dental practice, because these elements are vulnerable to damage during placement of osteointegrated implants, endodontic treatment and sagittal split osteotomy surgeries and a detailed knowledge of this anatomical variation would be vital in understanding failed inferior alveolar nerve blockage, spread of infection and also metastasis. Although few studies have been conducted in the past showing the incidence and types in different population groups, a lacunae in comprehensive review of this structure is lacking. Though this variation posed challenging situations for the practicing surgeons, it has been quite neglected and the incidence of it is not well presented in all the textbooks. Hence, we made an attempt to provide a consolidated review regarding variations and clinical applications of the RMF and RMC.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84880143063&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84880143063&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.morpho.2013.04.004

DO - 10.1016/j.morpho.2013.04.004

M3 - Review article

C2 - 23806306

AN - SCOPUS:84880143063

VL - 97

SP - 31

EP - 37

JO - Morphologie

JF - Morphologie

SN - 1286-0115

IS - 317

ER -