Retropharyngeal edema

An unusual manifestation of kawasaki disease

Emily W. Langley, Daniel K. Kirse, Craig E. Barnes, Wesley Covitz, Avinash K. Shetty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute multisystem vasculitis of unknown etiology that typically affects young children. KD presenting as a retropharyngeal inflammatory process is very rare. Objectives: To report a case of KD initially presenting as a retropharyngeal edema mimicking a deep neck infection, and to review previously published reports in the literature. Case Report: We report a case of KD in a previously healthy 3-year-old child who presented with acute onset of fever and cervical adenitis, along with computed tomography scan findings of retropharyngeal edema and inflammation. KD was suspected due to persistent fever and no improvement in the patient's condition despite appropriate antibiotic therapy; and other classic findings of KD eventually developed. An echocardiogram obtained on the 10th day of illness revealed pericardial effusion but no coronary ectasia or aneurysm. Treatment with high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin resulted in dramatic clinical improvement. Follow-up echocardiograms obtained 2 and 8 weeks after discharge revealed a small left coronary artery aneurysm (CAA). Nine months later, the CAA had resolved and the patient was well with no sequelae. Conclusions: Although unusual, physicians should be aware of retropharyngeal edema as an atypical presentation of KD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-185
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Emergency Medicine
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-08-2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome
Edema
Coronary Aneurysm
Coronary Vessels
Fever
Pathologic Dilatations
Lymphadenitis
Sick Leave
Pericardial Effusion
Intravenous Immunoglobulins
Vasculitis
Aneurysm
Neck
Tomography
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Inflammation
Physicians
Therapeutics
Infection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Emergency Medicine

Cite this

Langley, E. W., Kirse, D. K., Barnes, C. E., Covitz, W., & Shetty, A. K. (2010). Retropharyngeal edema: An unusual manifestation of kawasaki disease. Journal of Emergency Medicine, 39(2), 181-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2008.08.004
Langley, Emily W. ; Kirse, Daniel K. ; Barnes, Craig E. ; Covitz, Wesley ; Shetty, Avinash K. / Retropharyngeal edema : An unusual manifestation of kawasaki disease. In: Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2010 ; Vol. 39, No. 2. pp. 181-185.
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Langley, EW, Kirse, DK, Barnes, CE, Covitz, W & Shetty, AK 2010, 'Retropharyngeal edema: An unusual manifestation of kawasaki disease', Journal of Emergency Medicine, vol. 39, no. 2, pp. 181-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2008.08.004

Retropharyngeal edema : An unusual manifestation of kawasaki disease. / Langley, Emily W.; Kirse, Daniel K.; Barnes, Craig E.; Covitz, Wesley; Shetty, Avinash K.

In: Journal of Emergency Medicine, Vol. 39, No. 2, 01.08.2010, p. 181-185.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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