Risk factors for under-nutrition among children aged one to five years in Udupi taluk of Karnataka, India: A case control study

A. Basit, Suma Nair, K. B. Chakraborthy, B. B. Darshan, A. Kamath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Despite her apparent economic success, India is plagued by a high burden of under-nutrition among children under five. This study was aimed at understanding some of the risk factors for under-nutrition in a region with favourable maternal and child health indicators. Method: A case control study was carried out among children aged one to five years attending the paediatric outpatient department in six rural health care centres in Udupi taluk of Karnataka in Southern India. A total of 162 children were included in the study, of which 56 were cases. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to interview the caregivers of the children and the nutritional status was graded according to the Indian Academy of Paediatrics (IAP) grading of protein-energy malnutrition. Results: Under-nutrition was associated with illness in the last one month [OR- 4.78 (CI: 1.83 -12.45)], feeding diluted milk [OR- 14.26 (CI: 4.65 - 43.68)] and having more than two children with a birth interval ≤ 2 years [OR- 4.93 (CI: 1.78 - 13.61)]. Lack of exclusive breast feeding, level of education of the caregiver and environmental factors like source of water did not have an association. Conclusion: Childhood illness, short birth interval and consumption of diluted milk were some of the significant contributory factors noted among this population. Information, Education, Communication (IEC) campaigns alleviating food fads and promoting birth spacing is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-167
Number of pages5
JournalAustralasian Medical Journal
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Case-Control Studies
India
Birth Intervals
Caregivers
Diet Fads
Milk
Rural Health Services
Pediatrics
Education
Protein-Energy Malnutrition
Breast Feeding
Nutritional Status
Outpatients
Communication
Economics
Interviews
Delivery of Health Care
Water
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{2e27ca609aa34cb1b7fae7c50dd138ab,
title = "Risk factors for under-nutrition among children aged one to five years in Udupi taluk of Karnataka, India: A case control study",
abstract = "Background: Despite her apparent economic success, India is plagued by a high burden of under-nutrition among children under five. This study was aimed at understanding some of the risk factors for under-nutrition in a region with favourable maternal and child health indicators. Method: A case control study was carried out among children aged one to five years attending the paediatric outpatient department in six rural health care centres in Udupi taluk of Karnataka in Southern India. A total of 162 children were included in the study, of which 56 were cases. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to interview the caregivers of the children and the nutritional status was graded according to the Indian Academy of Paediatrics (IAP) grading of protein-energy malnutrition. Results: Under-nutrition was associated with illness in the last one month [OR- 4.78 (CI: 1.83 -12.45)], feeding diluted milk [OR- 14.26 (CI: 4.65 - 43.68)] and having more than two children with a birth interval ≤ 2 years [OR- 4.93 (CI: 1.78 - 13.61)]. Lack of exclusive breast feeding, level of education of the caregiver and environmental factors like source of water did not have an association. Conclusion: Childhood illness, short birth interval and consumption of diluted milk were some of the significant contributory factors noted among this population. Information, Education, Communication (IEC) campaigns alleviating food fads and promoting birth spacing is needed.",
author = "A. Basit and Suma Nair and Chakraborthy, {K. B.} and Darshan, {B. B.} and A. Kamath",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.4066/AMJ.2012.102",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "163--167",
journal = "Australasian Medical Journal",
issn = "1836-1935",
publisher = "The Australasian Medical Journal Pty. Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Risk factors for under-nutrition among children aged one to five years in Udupi taluk of Karnataka, India

T2 - A case control study

AU - Basit, A.

AU - Nair, Suma

AU - Chakraborthy, K. B.

AU - Darshan, B. B.

AU - Kamath, A.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Background: Despite her apparent economic success, India is plagued by a high burden of under-nutrition among children under five. This study was aimed at understanding some of the risk factors for under-nutrition in a region with favourable maternal and child health indicators. Method: A case control study was carried out among children aged one to five years attending the paediatric outpatient department in six rural health care centres in Udupi taluk of Karnataka in Southern India. A total of 162 children were included in the study, of which 56 were cases. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to interview the caregivers of the children and the nutritional status was graded according to the Indian Academy of Paediatrics (IAP) grading of protein-energy malnutrition. Results: Under-nutrition was associated with illness in the last one month [OR- 4.78 (CI: 1.83 -12.45)], feeding diluted milk [OR- 14.26 (CI: 4.65 - 43.68)] and having more than two children with a birth interval ≤ 2 years [OR- 4.93 (CI: 1.78 - 13.61)]. Lack of exclusive breast feeding, level of education of the caregiver and environmental factors like source of water did not have an association. Conclusion: Childhood illness, short birth interval and consumption of diluted milk were some of the significant contributory factors noted among this population. Information, Education, Communication (IEC) campaigns alleviating food fads and promoting birth spacing is needed.

AB - Background: Despite her apparent economic success, India is plagued by a high burden of under-nutrition among children under five. This study was aimed at understanding some of the risk factors for under-nutrition in a region with favourable maternal and child health indicators. Method: A case control study was carried out among children aged one to five years attending the paediatric outpatient department in six rural health care centres in Udupi taluk of Karnataka in Southern India. A total of 162 children were included in the study, of which 56 were cases. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to interview the caregivers of the children and the nutritional status was graded according to the Indian Academy of Paediatrics (IAP) grading of protein-energy malnutrition. Results: Under-nutrition was associated with illness in the last one month [OR- 4.78 (CI: 1.83 -12.45)], feeding diluted milk [OR- 14.26 (CI: 4.65 - 43.68)] and having more than two children with a birth interval ≤ 2 years [OR- 4.93 (CI: 1.78 - 13.61)]. Lack of exclusive breast feeding, level of education of the caregiver and environmental factors like source of water did not have an association. Conclusion: Childhood illness, short birth interval and consumption of diluted milk were some of the significant contributory factors noted among this population. Information, Education, Communication (IEC) campaigns alleviating food fads and promoting birth spacing is needed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84859356999&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84859356999&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4066/AMJ.2012.102

DO - 10.4066/AMJ.2012.102

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84859356999

VL - 5

SP - 163

EP - 167

JO - Australasian Medical Journal

JF - Australasian Medical Journal

SN - 1836-1935

IS - 3

ER -