Role of anxiety and personality in non-ulcer dyspepsia: a comparative study with duodenal ulcer.

P. J. Alexander, B. V. Tantry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Though emotional factors are known to influence gut functions, studies evaluating the role of anxiety and personality in non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) are few and have not yielded consistent results. AIMS: To find out whether anxiety and abnormal personality pattern are specifically associated with NUD. METHODS: 33 patients with NUD and 30 patients with duodenal ulcer, who were randomly selected from among those attending a gastroenterology out-patient clinic, were administered a) the Eyesenck Personality Inventory, to measure neuroticism and extroversion; and b) a short self-rating scale for anxiety, to measure state and trait anxiety. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in state anxiety, neuroticism and extroversion. Trait anxiety, however, was significantly higher in the NUD group (p = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Though the difference in trait anxiety score between the two groups attained significance, this finding needs further support to indicate a causal role for anxiety in NUD. There is need for further studies about the role of anxiety in various subgroups of NUD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-88
Number of pages3
JournalIndian journal of gastroenterology : official journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Volume12
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-1993

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Dyspepsia
Duodenal Ulcer
Personality
Anxiety
Personality Inventory
Gastroenterology
Outpatients

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

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title = "Role of anxiety and personality in non-ulcer dyspepsia: a comparative study with duodenal ulcer.",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Though emotional factors are known to influence gut functions, studies evaluating the role of anxiety and personality in non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) are few and have not yielded consistent results. AIMS: To find out whether anxiety and abnormal personality pattern are specifically associated with NUD. METHODS: 33 patients with NUD and 30 patients with duodenal ulcer, who were randomly selected from among those attending a gastroenterology out-patient clinic, were administered a) the Eyesenck Personality Inventory, to measure neuroticism and extroversion; and b) a short self-rating scale for anxiety, to measure state and trait anxiety. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in state anxiety, neuroticism and extroversion. Trait anxiety, however, was significantly higher in the NUD group (p = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Though the difference in trait anxiety score between the two groups attained significance, this finding needs further support to indicate a causal role for anxiety in NUD. There is need for further studies about the role of anxiety in various subgroups of NUD.",
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T2 - a comparative study with duodenal ulcer.

AU - Alexander, P. J.

AU - Tantry, B. V.

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N2 - BACKGROUND: Though emotional factors are known to influence gut functions, studies evaluating the role of anxiety and personality in non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) are few and have not yielded consistent results. AIMS: To find out whether anxiety and abnormal personality pattern are specifically associated with NUD. METHODS: 33 patients with NUD and 30 patients with duodenal ulcer, who were randomly selected from among those attending a gastroenterology out-patient clinic, were administered a) the Eyesenck Personality Inventory, to measure neuroticism and extroversion; and b) a short self-rating scale for anxiety, to measure state and trait anxiety. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in state anxiety, neuroticism and extroversion. Trait anxiety, however, was significantly higher in the NUD group (p = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Though the difference in trait anxiety score between the two groups attained significance, this finding needs further support to indicate a causal role for anxiety in NUD. There is need for further studies about the role of anxiety in various subgroups of NUD.

AB - BACKGROUND: Though emotional factors are known to influence gut functions, studies evaluating the role of anxiety and personality in non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) are few and have not yielded consistent results. AIMS: To find out whether anxiety and abnormal personality pattern are specifically associated with NUD. METHODS: 33 patients with NUD and 30 patients with duodenal ulcer, who were randomly selected from among those attending a gastroenterology out-patient clinic, were administered a) the Eyesenck Personality Inventory, to measure neuroticism and extroversion; and b) a short self-rating scale for anxiety, to measure state and trait anxiety. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in state anxiety, neuroticism and extroversion. Trait anxiety, however, was significantly higher in the NUD group (p = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Though the difference in trait anxiety score between the two groups attained significance, this finding needs further support to indicate a causal role for anxiety in NUD. There is need for further studies about the role of anxiety in various subgroups of NUD.

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