Introduction Most Indian centers use Adriamycin/Bleomycin/Vinblastine/Dacarba-zine (ABVD) chemotherapy for pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma (pHL). To reduce the late toxicity, robust predictive markers are needed to risk stratify pHL patients, thereby limiting the number of chemotherapy cycles and omitting radiation for low-risk and intensifying treatment for high-risk children. Objective This study was conducted to analyze the outcome of pHL patients treated with ABVD and various factors predicting the outcome. Materials and Methods This retrospective study analyzed the outcome of 113 consecutive pHL children treated with ABVD chemotherapy from 11 tertiary care centers in South India from 2009 to 2019. Results The median duration of follow-up was 2.73 years. The median age was 13 years. B symptoms are seen in 50.5% patients, bulky disease in 23%, and stage IV in 28.3%. Of 113 pHL, 69% had a positron emission tomography (PET) and 31% had computed tomography (CT)-based staging. Stage IV (37.1%) and extranodal involvement (31.2%) were seen more often with PET than with CT staging (8.5 and 2.8%, respectively). Among 64 patients with interim PET scan after two cycles (iPET2), 20.3% did not achieve complete remission (CR) and no factors were significantly associated. The 4-year event-free survival (EFS) rate of the entire cohort was 86%. The 4-year EFS rate was 93% for patients with CR in iPET2 and 52% for patients not achieving CR. The only independent predictor of low EFS was iPET2 response (p < 0.05). Conclusion Our study confirms the prognostic role of PET scan staging and response assessment. Not achieving CR on the iPET2 scan indicates poor prognosis and warrants clinical trial enrollment for a better outcome.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health