Purpose: Sleep is basic and common biological activity in human beings. Sleep is vital for recovery for recovering or replenishments of energy loss during daily functional activities. Sports involve expending excess energy more than required for day-to-day operations. Hence extended sleep becomes mandatory for replenishment of expended energy during sporting activities. However, real time scenario depicts athletes get lesser sleep than normally required taxing the physiological system, predisposing chronic injury and hindering sports performance. Methodology: Literature search was done through PubMed Central, CINAHL, Proquest and Cochrane Central with keywords of “Sports performance AND Sleep,” “Sleep extension OR micro-sleep OR sleep deprivation AND sports.” The full-text articles or English language were analyzed and prepared for a historical review in logical order. Results: Sleep deprivation has a significant impact on various physiological systems such as cardiorespiratory, nervous and endocrine system. Sleep extension has benefits in sports performance despite the variety of sports. Conclusion: Sleep quality and intensity shall be borne in mind in coaching athletes before, during and after the competitions. The sleep education should be part of coaches, psychologist and team manager's training for behavior modification and fruitful team performance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine