Background: Epilepsy is a neurological disorder which is characterised by recurrent and involuntary seizures. Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is clinically used as a presurgical tool in locating the epileptogenic zone by localising either interictal epileptic discharges (IEDs) or ictal activities. The localisation of ictal onset provides reliable and more accurate seizure onset zones rather than localising the IEDs. Ictals or seizures are presently detected during MEG analysis by manually inspecting the recorded data. This is laborious when the duration of recordings is longer. Methods: We propose a novel method which uses statistical features such as short-time permutation entropy (STPE), gradient of STPE (GSTPE), short-time energy (STE) and short-time mean (STM) extracted from the ictal and interictal MEG data of drug resistant epilepsy patients group. Since the data is heavily skewed, the RUSBoost algorithm with k-fold cross-validation is used to classify the data into ictal and interictal by using the four feature vectors. This method is further used for localising the epileptogenic region using region-specific classifications by means of the RUSBoost algorithm. Results: The accuracy obtained for seizure detection is 93.4%. The specificity and sensitivity for the same are 93%. The localisation accuracies for each lobe are in the range of 88.1–99.1%. Discussion: Through this ictus detection method, the current scenario of laborious inspection of the ictal MEG can be reduced. The proposed system, thus, can be implemented in real-time as a better and more efficient method for seizure detection and further it can prove to be highly beneficial for patients and health-care professionals during real-time MEG recording. Furthermore, the identification of the epileptogenic lobe can provide clinicians with useful insights, and a pre-cursor for source localisation.
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