Self-efficacy, illness cognition and its relation to anxiety and depression

A cross sectional study on coronary heart disease

Milu Maria Anto, N. Dinesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is epidemic in India and one of the major causes of disease-burden and deaths. As a chronic disease it may confront a patient with numerous threats and challenges. Several studies have shown that identifying resilient factors are important in the psychosocial management of the patients. The aim of the study was to identify cognitions about illness, self efficacy and its relation to anxiety and depression. Sample consisted of 43 CHD patients 22 in Group 1(diagnosed within 3 months) 21 in Group2 (diagnosed more than 3 mths -up to 1yr).Results shows that both groups showed significant statistical difference in many dimensions. Helplessness was more in Group 2. Also anxiety and depression was slightly more in Group 2.Compared to Group 2, for Group1 there was significant negative correlation between acceptance, perceived benefits and self efficacy with anxiety and depression. This study has implication for enhancing resilient factors in order to enhance the psychological management in case of life style disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1543-1549
Number of pages7
JournalResearch Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences
Volume6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2015

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Self Efficacy
Cognition
Coronary Disease
Anxiety
Cross-Sectional Studies
Depression
Case Management
Life Style
India
Chronic Disease
Psychology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Coronary heart disease (CHD) is epidemic in India and one of the major causes of disease-burden and deaths. As a chronic disease it may confront a patient with numerous threats and challenges. Several studies have shown that identifying resilient factors are important in the psychosocial management of the patients. The aim of the study was to identify cognitions about illness, self efficacy and its relation to anxiety and depression. Sample consisted of 43 CHD patients 22 in Group 1(diagnosed within 3 months) 21 in Group2 (diagnosed more than 3 mths -up to 1yr).Results shows that both groups showed significant statistical difference in many dimensions. Helplessness was more in Group 2. Also anxiety and depression was slightly more in Group 2.Compared to Group 2, for Group1 there was significant negative correlation between acceptance, perceived benefits and self efficacy with anxiety and depression. This study has implication for enhancing resilient factors in order to enhance the psychological management in case of life style disorders.",
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