Self-image of the patients with head and neck cancer

A mixed method research

Shalini G. Nayak, Mamatha Shivananda Pai, Linu Sara George

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the self-image of the patients with head and neck cancers (HNCs) by using a mixed method research. Subjects and Methods: A mixed method approach and triangulation design was used with the aim of assessing the self-image of the patients with HNCs. Data was gathered by using self-administered self-image scale and structured interview. Nested sampling technique was adopted. Sample size for quantitative approach was 54 and data saturation was achieved with seven subjects for qualitative approach. Institutional Ethical Committee clearance was obtained. Results: The results of the study showed that 30 (56%) subjects had positive self-image and 24 (44%) had negative self-image. There was a moderate positive correlation between body image and integrity (r = 0.430, P = 0.001), weak positive correlation between body image and self-esteem (r = 0.270, P = 0.049), and no correlation between self-esteem and integrity (r = 0.203, P = 0.141). The participants also scored maximum (24/24) in the areas of body image and self-esteem. Similar findings were also observed in the phenomenological approach. The themes evolved were «immaterial of outer appearance» and «desire of good health to all.» Conclusion: The illness is long-term and impacts the individual 24 h a day. Understanding patients' self-concept and living experiences of patients with HNC is important for the health care professionals to improve the care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-334
Number of pages4
JournalIndian Journal of Palliative Care
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-07-2016

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Head and Neck Neoplasms
Self Concept
Body Image
Research
Sample Size
Interviews
Delivery of Health Care
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy

Cite this

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abstract = "Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the self-image of the patients with head and neck cancers (HNCs) by using a mixed method research. Subjects and Methods: A mixed method approach and triangulation design was used with the aim of assessing the self-image of the patients with HNCs. Data was gathered by using self-administered self-image scale and structured interview. Nested sampling technique was adopted. Sample size for quantitative approach was 54 and data saturation was achieved with seven subjects for qualitative approach. Institutional Ethical Committee clearance was obtained. Results: The results of the study showed that 30 (56{\%}) subjects had positive self-image and 24 (44{\%}) had negative self-image. There was a moderate positive correlation between body image and integrity (r = 0.430, P = 0.001), weak positive correlation between body image and self-esteem (r = 0.270, P = 0.049), and no correlation between self-esteem and integrity (r = 0.203, P = 0.141). The participants also scored maximum (24/24) in the areas of body image and self-esteem. Similar findings were also observed in the phenomenological approach. The themes evolved were «immaterial of outer appearance» and «desire of good health to all.» Conclusion: The illness is long-term and impacts the individual 24 h a day. Understanding patients' self-concept and living experiences of patients with HNC is important for the health care professionals to improve the care.",
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Self-image of the patients with head and neck cancer : A mixed method research. / Nayak, Shalini G.; Pai, Mamatha Shivananda; George, Linu Sara.

In: Indian Journal of Palliative Care, Vol. 22, No. 3, 01.07.2016, p. 331-334.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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