Abstract

Background Self-medication results in wastage of resources, increases resistance of pathogens and generally causes serious health hazards such as adverse drug reactions, prolonged suffering and drug dependence. This study was undertaken to determine the reasons for self-medication and the pattern of self-medication among medical students. Method This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at the K.S. Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore. The participants were medical students from first to final year. Medical students were selected through convenience sampling. The data was collected using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire. The data was analysed using SPSS version 16 and the results expressed as proportions. Results A total of 200 students, 121 (60.5%) female and 79 (39.5%) male, were included in the study. Of the medical students surveyed, self-medication was reported among 92%. The respondents who used self-medication found it to be timesaving in providing relief from minor ailments. The most common ailments for which self-medication were used were: the common cold (69%), fever (63%) and headache (60%). The students consulted their textbooks (39%) and seniors or classmates (38%) for the medications. Antipyretics (71%), analgesics (65%), antihistamines (37%) and antibiotics (34%) were the most common self-medicated drugs. Of the respondents, 33% were unaware of the adverse effects of the medication and 5% had experienced adverse reactions. The majority (64%) of students advised medications to others, more often to family and friends. Conclusion The prevalence of self-medication among medical students is high, facilitated by the easy availability of drugs and information from textbooks or seniors. A significant number of students are unaware of the adverse effects of the medication that they themselves take and suggest to others. Therefore, potential problems of self-medication should be emphasised to the students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-220
Number of pages4
JournalAustralasian Medical Journal
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2012

Fingerprint

Self Medication
Medical Students
India
Students
Textbooks
Common Cold
Antipyretics
Histamine Antagonists
Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
Psychological Stress
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Substance-Related Disorders
Headache
Analgesics
Fever
Cross-Sectional Studies
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Badiger, Sanjeev ; Kundapur, Rashmi ; Jain, Animesh ; Kumar, Ashwini ; Pattanshetty, Sanjay ; Thakolkaran, Nimmy ; Bhat, Nitasha ; Ullal, Nowshin. / Self-medication patterns among medical students in South India. In: Australasian Medical Journal. 2012 ; Vol. 5, No. 4. pp. 217-220.
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title = "Self-medication patterns among medical students in South India",
abstract = "Background Self-medication results in wastage of resources, increases resistance of pathogens and generally causes serious health hazards such as adverse drug reactions, prolonged suffering and drug dependence. This study was undertaken to determine the reasons for self-medication and the pattern of self-medication among medical students. Method This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at the K.S. Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore. The participants were medical students from first to final year. Medical students were selected through convenience sampling. The data was collected using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire. The data was analysed using SPSS version 16 and the results expressed as proportions. Results A total of 200 students, 121 (60.5{\%}) female and 79 (39.5{\%}) male, were included in the study. Of the medical students surveyed, self-medication was reported among 92{\%}. The respondents who used self-medication found it to be timesaving in providing relief from minor ailments. The most common ailments for which self-medication were used were: the common cold (69{\%}), fever (63{\%}) and headache (60{\%}). The students consulted their textbooks (39{\%}) and seniors or classmates (38{\%}) for the medications. Antipyretics (71{\%}), analgesics (65{\%}), antihistamines (37{\%}) and antibiotics (34{\%}) were the most common self-medicated drugs. Of the respondents, 33{\%} were unaware of the adverse effects of the medication and 5{\%} had experienced adverse reactions. The majority (64{\%}) of students advised medications to others, more often to family and friends. Conclusion The prevalence of self-medication among medical students is high, facilitated by the easy availability of drugs and information from textbooks or seniors. A significant number of students are unaware of the adverse effects of the medication that they themselves take and suggest to others. Therefore, potential problems of self-medication should be emphasised to the students.",
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Self-medication patterns among medical students in South India. / Badiger, Sanjeev; Kundapur, Rashmi; Jain, Animesh; Kumar, Ashwini; Pattanshetty, Sanjay; Thakolkaran, Nimmy; Bhat, Nitasha; Ullal, Nowshin.

In: Australasian Medical Journal, Vol. 5, No. 4, 01.01.2012, p. 217-220.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Self-medication patterns among medical students in South India

AU - Badiger, Sanjeev

AU - Kundapur, Rashmi

AU - Jain, Animesh

AU - Kumar, Ashwini

AU - Pattanshetty, Sanjay

AU - Thakolkaran, Nimmy

AU - Bhat, Nitasha

AU - Ullal, Nowshin

PY - 2012/1/1

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N2 - Background Self-medication results in wastage of resources, increases resistance of pathogens and generally causes serious health hazards such as adverse drug reactions, prolonged suffering and drug dependence. This study was undertaken to determine the reasons for self-medication and the pattern of self-medication among medical students. Method This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at the K.S. Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore. The participants were medical students from first to final year. Medical students were selected through convenience sampling. The data was collected using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire. The data was analysed using SPSS version 16 and the results expressed as proportions. Results A total of 200 students, 121 (60.5%) female and 79 (39.5%) male, were included in the study. Of the medical students surveyed, self-medication was reported among 92%. The respondents who used self-medication found it to be timesaving in providing relief from minor ailments. The most common ailments for which self-medication were used were: the common cold (69%), fever (63%) and headache (60%). The students consulted their textbooks (39%) and seniors or classmates (38%) for the medications. Antipyretics (71%), analgesics (65%), antihistamines (37%) and antibiotics (34%) were the most common self-medicated drugs. Of the respondents, 33% were unaware of the adverse effects of the medication and 5% had experienced adverse reactions. The majority (64%) of students advised medications to others, more often to family and friends. Conclusion The prevalence of self-medication among medical students is high, facilitated by the easy availability of drugs and information from textbooks or seniors. A significant number of students are unaware of the adverse effects of the medication that they themselves take and suggest to others. Therefore, potential problems of self-medication should be emphasised to the students.

AB - Background Self-medication results in wastage of resources, increases resistance of pathogens and generally causes serious health hazards such as adverse drug reactions, prolonged suffering and drug dependence. This study was undertaken to determine the reasons for self-medication and the pattern of self-medication among medical students. Method This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at the K.S. Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore. The participants were medical students from first to final year. Medical students were selected through convenience sampling. The data was collected using a pre-tested semi-structured questionnaire. The data was analysed using SPSS version 16 and the results expressed as proportions. Results A total of 200 students, 121 (60.5%) female and 79 (39.5%) male, were included in the study. Of the medical students surveyed, self-medication was reported among 92%. The respondents who used self-medication found it to be timesaving in providing relief from minor ailments. The most common ailments for which self-medication were used were: the common cold (69%), fever (63%) and headache (60%). The students consulted their textbooks (39%) and seniors or classmates (38%) for the medications. Antipyretics (71%), analgesics (65%), antihistamines (37%) and antibiotics (34%) were the most common self-medicated drugs. Of the respondents, 33% were unaware of the adverse effects of the medication and 5% had experienced adverse reactions. The majority (64%) of students advised medications to others, more often to family and friends. Conclusion The prevalence of self-medication among medical students is high, facilitated by the easy availability of drugs and information from textbooks or seniors. A significant number of students are unaware of the adverse effects of the medication that they themselves take and suggest to others. Therefore, potential problems of self-medication should be emphasised to the students.

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