Sensitive detection of mercury using the fluorescence resonance energy transfer between CdTe/CdS quantum dots and Rhodamine 6G

Sudarshan Kini, Vinitha Ganiga, Suresh D. Kulkarni, Santhosh Chidangil, Sajan D. George

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Abstract

The sensitive and selective detection of mercury in aqueous solution is of paramount importance as the mercury concentration in drinking water above the threshold level set by world health organization can cause serious health issues to humans. We demonstrate a simple, facile, and cost-effective one pot synthesis route to synthesize MPA (3-mercaptopropionic acid) stabilized CdTe/CdS core-shell quantum dots and its application for detection of mercury using the fluorescence resonance energy transfer with a cationic dye, Rhodamine 6G. The quantum dots prepared via chemical reduction strategy using a combination of reducing agents, namely sodium borohydride and citric acid exhibit a high quantum efficiency (> 20% for solid state). Structural as well as luminescence studies of the prepared quantum dots were found to depend on the pH as well as the size of the quantum dots (hydrodynamic diameter ranging from 9 to 16 nm). Analysis of the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between the prepared quantum dots and Rhodamine 6G elucidate that efficient energy transfer happens in the presence of a cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant. Though the prepared CdTe/CdS quantum dots exhibit fluorescence quenching with an increase in mercury concentration and act as an “OFF-sensor,” the Rhodamine 6G-quantum dot pair employed here found to be a better approach as the inherent fluorescence of Rh6G is insensitive to mercury concentration. Our studies elucidate that the fluorescence ratio of Rh6G in a FRET pair follows a linear nature for the Stern-Volmer plot in the concentration range of Hg2+ ions (0.1 nM to 2 μM) and provide a LOD of 3.8 nM. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Article number232
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Volume20
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2018

Fingerprint

CdTe
Mercury
Energy Transfer
resonance fluorescence
Quantum Dots
rhodamine
Fluorescence
Semiconductor quantum dots
energy transfer
quantum dots
fluorescence
health
Health
3-Mercaptopropionic Acid
acids
ammonium bromides
drinking
borohydrides
citric acid
Luminescence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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abstract = "The sensitive and selective detection of mercury in aqueous solution is of paramount importance as the mercury concentration in drinking water above the threshold level set by world health organization can cause serious health issues to humans. We demonstrate a simple, facile, and cost-effective one pot synthesis route to synthesize MPA (3-mercaptopropionic acid) stabilized CdTe/CdS core-shell quantum dots and its application for detection of mercury using the fluorescence resonance energy transfer with a cationic dye, Rhodamine 6G. The quantum dots prepared via chemical reduction strategy using a combination of reducing agents, namely sodium borohydride and citric acid exhibit a high quantum efficiency (> 20{\%} for solid state). Structural as well as luminescence studies of the prepared quantum dots were found to depend on the pH as well as the size of the quantum dots (hydrodynamic diameter ranging from 9 to 16 nm). Analysis of the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between the prepared quantum dots and Rhodamine 6G elucidate that efficient energy transfer happens in the presence of a cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant. Though the prepared CdTe/CdS quantum dots exhibit fluorescence quenching with an increase in mercury concentration and act as an “OFF-sensor,” the Rhodamine 6G-quantum dot pair employed here found to be a better approach as the inherent fluorescence of Rh6G is insensitive to mercury concentration. Our studies elucidate that the fluorescence ratio of Rh6G in a FRET pair follows a linear nature for the Stern-Volmer plot in the concentration range of Hg2+ ions (0.1 nM to 2 μM) and provide a LOD of 3.8 nM. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].",
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AU - Kini, Sudarshan

AU - Ganiga, Vinitha

AU - Kulkarni, Suresh D.

AU - Chidangil, Santhosh

AU - George, Sajan D.

PY - 2018/9/1

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N2 - The sensitive and selective detection of mercury in aqueous solution is of paramount importance as the mercury concentration in drinking water above the threshold level set by world health organization can cause serious health issues to humans. We demonstrate a simple, facile, and cost-effective one pot synthesis route to synthesize MPA (3-mercaptopropionic acid) stabilized CdTe/CdS core-shell quantum dots and its application for detection of mercury using the fluorescence resonance energy transfer with a cationic dye, Rhodamine 6G. The quantum dots prepared via chemical reduction strategy using a combination of reducing agents, namely sodium borohydride and citric acid exhibit a high quantum efficiency (> 20% for solid state). Structural as well as luminescence studies of the prepared quantum dots were found to depend on the pH as well as the size of the quantum dots (hydrodynamic diameter ranging from 9 to 16 nm). Analysis of the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between the prepared quantum dots and Rhodamine 6G elucidate that efficient energy transfer happens in the presence of a cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant. Though the prepared CdTe/CdS quantum dots exhibit fluorescence quenching with an increase in mercury concentration and act as an “OFF-sensor,” the Rhodamine 6G-quantum dot pair employed here found to be a better approach as the inherent fluorescence of Rh6G is insensitive to mercury concentration. Our studies elucidate that the fluorescence ratio of Rh6G in a FRET pair follows a linear nature for the Stern-Volmer plot in the concentration range of Hg2+ ions (0.1 nM to 2 μM) and provide a LOD of 3.8 nM. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

AB - The sensitive and selective detection of mercury in aqueous solution is of paramount importance as the mercury concentration in drinking water above the threshold level set by world health organization can cause serious health issues to humans. We demonstrate a simple, facile, and cost-effective one pot synthesis route to synthesize MPA (3-mercaptopropionic acid) stabilized CdTe/CdS core-shell quantum dots and its application for detection of mercury using the fluorescence resonance energy transfer with a cationic dye, Rhodamine 6G. The quantum dots prepared via chemical reduction strategy using a combination of reducing agents, namely sodium borohydride and citric acid exhibit a high quantum efficiency (> 20% for solid state). Structural as well as luminescence studies of the prepared quantum dots were found to depend on the pH as well as the size of the quantum dots (hydrodynamic diameter ranging from 9 to 16 nm). Analysis of the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between the prepared quantum dots and Rhodamine 6G elucidate that efficient energy transfer happens in the presence of a cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB) surfactant. Though the prepared CdTe/CdS quantum dots exhibit fluorescence quenching with an increase in mercury concentration and act as an “OFF-sensor,” the Rhodamine 6G-quantum dot pair employed here found to be a better approach as the inherent fluorescence of Rh6G is insensitive to mercury concentration. Our studies elucidate that the fluorescence ratio of Rh6G in a FRET pair follows a linear nature for the Stern-Volmer plot in the concentration range of Hg2+ ions (0.1 nM to 2 μM) and provide a LOD of 3.8 nM. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

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