Sensory and cognitive components of auditory processing in individuals with tinnitus

Harini Vasudevan, Hari Prakash Palaniswamy, Ramaswamy Balakrishnan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: The main purpose of the study is to explore the auditory selective attention abilities (using event-related potentials) and the neuronal oscillatory activity in the default mode network sites (using electroencephalogram [EEG]) in individuals with tinnitus. Method: Auditory selective attention was measured using P300, and the resting state EEG was assessed using the default mode function analysis. Ten individuals with continuous and bothersome tinnitus along with 10 age-and gender-matched control participants underwent event-related potential testing and 5 min of EEG recording (at wakeful rest). Results: Individuals with tinnitus were observed to have larger N1 and P3 amplitudes along with prolonged P3 latency. The default mode function analysis revealed no significant oscillatory differences between the groups. Conclusion: The current study shows changes in both the early sensory and late cognitive components of auditory processing. The change in the P3 component is suggestive of selective auditory attention deficit, and the sensory component (N1) suggests an altered bottom-up processing in individuals with tinnitus.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)834-842
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Audiology
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Speech and Hearing

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