Seroprevalence of HIV in Manipal.

I. Bairy, P. G. Shivananda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 32,406 persons were screened for HIV 1 and 2 antibodies between 1991 to 1999 by Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay at Dept. of Microbiology, KMC, Manipal which is a rural teaching hospital. There was steady increase in seropositivity from 0.38% (1991) to 9.31% (1995) and thereafter there is decrease in the seropositivity rate to 4.15% (1999); but the number of cases screened increased from 1995 onwards. The HIV seropositivity is more in males 7.49% than in females (2.52%). The male to female positivity ratio is 2.72:1, inspite of the total number of samples screened of either sexes being equal. The prevalence of HIV among STD Clinic attendants was 8.22%. The foci of infection can be traced to cities such as Mumbai and the main mode of transmission is through unprotected heterosexual contact. The decrease in the seropositivity rate from 1996 onwards could be due to the AIDS awareness among public due to the control programmes. More awareness and public education is needed towards healthy sexual practices to avoid fresh HIV cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-262
Number of pages6
JournalIndian Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume55
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2001

Fingerprint

HIV Seroprevalence
HIV
HIV Seropositivity
Rural Hospitals
HIV-2
Heterosexuality
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Microbiology
Teaching Hospitals
HIV-1
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Education
Antibodies
Enzymes
Infection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Bairy, I. ; Shivananda, P. G. / Seroprevalence of HIV in Manipal. In: Indian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2001 ; Vol. 55, No. 5. pp. 257-262.
@article{e4d8fc1bc8e64f02bbd4c5deb6743cde,
title = "Seroprevalence of HIV in Manipal.",
abstract = "A total of 32,406 persons were screened for HIV 1 and 2 antibodies between 1991 to 1999 by Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay at Dept. of Microbiology, KMC, Manipal which is a rural teaching hospital. There was steady increase in seropositivity from 0.38{\%} (1991) to 9.31{\%} (1995) and thereafter there is decrease in the seropositivity rate to 4.15{\%} (1999); but the number of cases screened increased from 1995 onwards. The HIV seropositivity is more in males 7.49{\%} than in females (2.52{\%}). The male to female positivity ratio is 2.72:1, inspite of the total number of samples screened of either sexes being equal. The prevalence of HIV among STD Clinic attendants was 8.22{\%}. The foci of infection can be traced to cities such as Mumbai and the main mode of transmission is through unprotected heterosexual contact. The decrease in the seropositivity rate from 1996 onwards could be due to the AIDS awareness among public due to the control programmes. More awareness and public education is needed towards healthy sexual practices to avoid fresh HIV cases.",
author = "I. Bairy and Shivananda, {P. G.}",
year = "2001",
month = "5",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "257--262",
journal = "Indian Journal of Medical Sciences",
issn = "0019-5359",
publisher = "Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd",
number = "5",

}

Bairy, I & Shivananda, PG 2001, 'Seroprevalence of HIV in Manipal.', Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 257-262.

Seroprevalence of HIV in Manipal. / Bairy, I.; Shivananda, P. G.

In: Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 55, No. 5, 01.05.2001, p. 257-262.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Seroprevalence of HIV in Manipal.

AU - Bairy, I.

AU - Shivananda, P. G.

PY - 2001/5/1

Y1 - 2001/5/1

N2 - A total of 32,406 persons were screened for HIV 1 and 2 antibodies between 1991 to 1999 by Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay at Dept. of Microbiology, KMC, Manipal which is a rural teaching hospital. There was steady increase in seropositivity from 0.38% (1991) to 9.31% (1995) and thereafter there is decrease in the seropositivity rate to 4.15% (1999); but the number of cases screened increased from 1995 onwards. The HIV seropositivity is more in males 7.49% than in females (2.52%). The male to female positivity ratio is 2.72:1, inspite of the total number of samples screened of either sexes being equal. The prevalence of HIV among STD Clinic attendants was 8.22%. The foci of infection can be traced to cities such as Mumbai and the main mode of transmission is through unprotected heterosexual contact. The decrease in the seropositivity rate from 1996 onwards could be due to the AIDS awareness among public due to the control programmes. More awareness and public education is needed towards healthy sexual practices to avoid fresh HIV cases.

AB - A total of 32,406 persons were screened for HIV 1 and 2 antibodies between 1991 to 1999 by Enzyme Linked Immuno Sorbent Assay at Dept. of Microbiology, KMC, Manipal which is a rural teaching hospital. There was steady increase in seropositivity from 0.38% (1991) to 9.31% (1995) and thereafter there is decrease in the seropositivity rate to 4.15% (1999); but the number of cases screened increased from 1995 onwards. The HIV seropositivity is more in males 7.49% than in females (2.52%). The male to female positivity ratio is 2.72:1, inspite of the total number of samples screened of either sexes being equal. The prevalence of HIV among STD Clinic attendants was 8.22%. The foci of infection can be traced to cities such as Mumbai and the main mode of transmission is through unprotected heterosexual contact. The decrease in the seropositivity rate from 1996 onwards could be due to the AIDS awareness among public due to the control programmes. More awareness and public education is needed towards healthy sexual practices to avoid fresh HIV cases.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035348877&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035348877&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 11641917

AN - SCOPUS:0035348877

VL - 55

SP - 257

EP - 262

JO - Indian Journal of Medical Sciences

JF - Indian Journal of Medical Sciences

SN - 0019-5359

IS - 5

ER -