Background: Tumour lysis syndrome is associated with high levels of uric acid, phosphate and potassium along with low levels of calcium and abnormal renal function. Sevelamer, an oral phosphate-binder is used in the treatment of hyperphosphatemia in children and adults on hemodialysis. Case characteristics: Two children with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia who presented with a high tumour load and developed tumour lysis syndrome. Observation: Both children received Rasburicase and Sevelamer hydrochloride. The serum phosphate reduced to normal levels within 24–48 hrs of initiation of sevelamer hydrochloride. Message: Sevelamer appears to be an effective treatment for hyperphosphatemia associated with tumour lysis syndrome.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health