Sexual dimorphism of the sacrum in south indian population using MRI

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


MRI plays a significant role in modern forensic anthropology to solve certain queries of legal / public concern. The objective of our study was to determine the sexual dimorphism of the first sacral vertebra (S1) in south Indian adults and to compare the differences in sacrum measurement of south India with literature. MRI of lumbo-sacral region was performed on 25 male and 25 female patients who were referred by treating doctor. Measurements were performed on T2 weighted mid-sagittal image. The dimensions measured were anterior height (AH), posterior height (PH), Superior diameter (SD) and inferior diameter (ID) of body of first sacral vertebra. The mean of AH, PH, SD and ID in male was 28.164±2.05 mm, 21.988±2.60 mm, 31.924±2.28 mm, 20.096±3.34 mm and in female it was 28.896±3.28 mm, 20.868±2.59 mm, 30.224±1.57 mm, 17.7±3.27 mm respectively. Also the mean lumbo-sacral angle (LSA), sacral base angle (SBA) and anterior sacral angle (ASA) were also measured which were 53.24±6.48, 38.6±6.65 and 61.52±7.04 for male respectively and in female it was 61.28±8.68, 41.8±6.07 and 55.2±9.07 respectively. Also the Indices (Index 1 and index 2) were calculated. The mean of Index 1 and Index 2 in male was 63.069±10.318 and 78.291±9.179 and in female it was 58.534±9.979 and 72.527±7.648 respectively. The measurements of S1 showed higher values in males than female in all of the investigated parameters, except for Anterior Height, lumbo-sacral angle & Sacral base angle. Therefore the body of the first sacral vertebra (S1) is found to be highly significant for determination of sex.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)B398-B404
JournalInternational Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Sexual dimorphism of the sacrum in south indian population using MRI'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this