Diabetes is a chronic progressive metabolic disease caused by insulin deficiency or insulin resistance. In spite of the availability of several antihyperglycaemics, there is a need for the development of safer antidiabetic drugs due to their undesirable effects. Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors are a class of antidiabetics, which hinder the reabsorption of glucose in the kidneys, causing excretion of glucose via urine. Sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors are a well-tolerated class with no significant adverse effects and are found to be favorable in certain conditions, which may be rudimentary to cardiovascular and renal diseases. The current advancements in their design and development, their mechanism of action, structure-activity relationship, synthesis and in silico development along with their auxiliary roles have been extensively reviewed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery