Abstract

The aim of the present study was to assess the hardness, corrosion, and cytotoxicity of a commercially available cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) alloy before and after simulated heat treatments at porcelain ring temperature. Five Co-Cr samples were fabricated using a lost wax casting procedure. Heat treatments were carried out at 650 °C, 750 °C, 850 °C, and 950 °C. Vickers hardness was measured for as-cast and heat-treated samples. The corrosion test was carried out separately in 0.1 N NaCl, 1% citric acid and arti cial saliva at room temperature using potentiodynamic polarization technique. Gingival tissue biopsy of patients was taken and cultured to measure the cell viability by MTT colorimetric assay. Lowest hardness was observed at 650 °C. 0.1 N NaCl and 1% citric acid corrosion medium showed a similar trend of corrosion rate. The least corrosion rate was found in arti cial saliva. Firing temperature has an impact on the physical, chemical, and biological properties of Co-Cr alloy in long-term clinical use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-42
Number of pages7
JournalIranian Journal of Materials Science and Engineering
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12-2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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