Slumping in the Upper Jurassic Baisakhi Formation of the Jaisalmer Basin, western India: Sign of synsedimentary tectonics?

Matthias Alberti, Dhirendra K. Pandey, Jitendra K. Sharma, Narendra K. Swami, Alfred Uchman

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Abstract

A spectacularly exposed slump is described from a 120-m-long road cut between the villages of Kanod and Deva in the northeastern Jaisalmer Basin of Rajasthan, India. The Upper Jurassic part of the sediments at the outcrop was formed in a near-shore setting and belongs to the Ludharwa Member of the Baisakhi Formation. The 3-m-thick unit shows a number of asymmetric folds and thrust faults leading to an imbrication of partly lithified sandstone beds. The deformation structures allow the reconstruction of a movement towards the northwest. This agrees well with the basin configuration that shows a deepening into this direction. Although the determination of a specific trigger mechanism is difficult for soft-sediment deformation structures, an earthquake caused by synsedimentary tectonics in the basin seems to be the most likely explanation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-332
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Palaeogeography
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2017

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Palaeontology

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