A large scale community-based study in South Kanara district of Karnataka state, India has revealed that, despite a low infant mortality rate (IMR), there is a clear association between IMR and lack of antenatal care (ANC) as well as IMR and poor quality ANC. We analyse the factors which determine the utilization of ANC and show the association between quality of ANC and maternal literacy, occupation, age and parity. Factors which are also significantly associated are socio-economic status, religion and matriarchal system. Characteristically, those who do not receive any ANC are poor, illiterate, multiparous unskilled mothers over 30 years of age and who live far away from a medical facility. This study conclusively demonstrates that even in regions where IMR is low there is enough scope to reduce it further by concentrating our efforts on the high risk population.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases