Spatio-temporal variability of trace metals and major ions in a small tropical river, southwest coast of India

D’Souza S. Nishitha, Yerabham Praveenkumarreddy, Neloy Khare, Harikripa Narayana Udayashankar, Keshava Balakrishna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Sita, a small tropical river originating in the Western Ghats, southwestern India, was chosen for this study to understand the spatial and temporal variability of dissolved trace elements and major ions. Sampling was done in monsoon, post-monsoon and pre-monsoon seasons across the river catchment. Dissolved elements like Zn, Ni, Cu and Co showed high concentrations during monsoon which could be because of the intense chemical weathering of silicate rocks in the catchment, surface runoff and wet atmospheric deposition. In the remaining seasons, the river is fed by the groundwater and anthropogenic effluents which is contributing to higher concentrations of dissolved Pb, Fe and Cd. The results are analysed using factor analysis (SPSS 12), which helped to delineate the sources of metal assemblages. Factor 1 is dominated by major ions (Na, K, Cl, Mg, Ca), which could be naturally sourced from atmospheric deposition and weathering of rocks. Factor 2 is dominated by trace metals (Cd, Pb, Co) and sulphates (SO4) which may have anthropogenic sources such as the discharge of domestic and industrial effluents and agricultural effluents.

Original languageEnglish
Article number698
JournalEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment
Volume191
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-11-2019

Fingerprint

trace metal
Coastal zones
Effluents
monsoon
Rivers
Weathering
Catchments
ion
coast
Ions
atmospheric deposition
Rocks
river
Factor analysis
catchment
Trace elements
Runoff
Silicates
Groundwater
chemical weathering

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Pollution
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Nishitha, D’Souza S. ; Praveenkumarreddy, Yerabham ; Khare, Neloy ; Udayashankar, Harikripa Narayana ; Balakrishna, Keshava. / Spatio-temporal variability of trace metals and major ions in a small tropical river, southwest coast of India. In: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. 2019 ; Vol. 191, No. 11.
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Spatio-temporal variability of trace metals and major ions in a small tropical river, southwest coast of India. / Nishitha, D’Souza S.; Praveenkumarreddy, Yerabham; Khare, Neloy; Udayashankar, Harikripa Narayana; Balakrishna, Keshava.

In: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 191, No. 11, 698, 01.11.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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