Spectrum of opportunistic infections in AIDS cases

A. Singh, I. Bairy, P. G. Shivananda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human Immunodeficiency viruses are the initial causative agents in AIDS, but most of the morbidity and mortality in AIDS cases result from opportunistic infections, Identification of such pathogen is very important for clinicians and health planners to tackle the AIDS epidemic in more effective manner. The present study describes the clinical and laboratory profile of 100 AIDS causes who presented to a referral hospital. Oral candidiasis (59.00%) was found to be the most common opportunistic infection, followed by tuberculosis (56.00%), Cryptosporidium infection (47.00%) and Pneumocystis carinii (7.00%). Presence of oral candidiasis and weight loss is highly predictive of low DC4 count and can be considered as a marker of HIV disease progression. The patients coinfected with HIV and tuberculosis are also on rise. Recognition of dual infection and taking adequate steps to deal with this epidemic is needed. As Cryptosporidium infection was detected in large number, provision of safe drinking water and maintaining good hygiene is important for prevention. Early diagnosis of opportunistic infection and prompt treatment, delays the progression towards AIDS. 91.00% of patients were infected with HIV1 and 4.00% had HIV2 infection and 5.00% were dully infected. 87.00% of patients were males and 13.00% were belonging to 21-40 years of age. Majority of them were belonging to lower socioeconomic status and heterosexual route of transmission was the commonest mode of spread.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-21
Number of pages6
JournalIndian Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume57
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2003

Fingerprint

Opportunistic Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Oral Candidiasis
Cryptosporidium
HIV
Tuberculosis
Infection
Pneumocystis Infections
Heterosexuality
Hygiene
Social Class
Drinking Water
Disease Progression
Weight Loss
Early Diagnosis
Referral and Consultation
Morbidity
Mortality
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Singh, A. ; Bairy, I. ; Shivananda, P. G. / Spectrum of opportunistic infections in AIDS cases. In: Indian Journal of Medical Sciences. 2003 ; Vol. 57, No. 1. pp. 16-21.
@article{913174fcfc7e416bbe178b7c5c3bf16a,
title = "Spectrum of opportunistic infections in AIDS cases",
abstract = "Human Immunodeficiency viruses are the initial causative agents in AIDS, but most of the morbidity and mortality in AIDS cases result from opportunistic infections, Identification of such pathogen is very important for clinicians and health planners to tackle the AIDS epidemic in more effective manner. The present study describes the clinical and laboratory profile of 100 AIDS causes who presented to a referral hospital. Oral candidiasis (59.00{\%}) was found to be the most common opportunistic infection, followed by tuberculosis (56.00{\%}), Cryptosporidium infection (47.00{\%}) and Pneumocystis carinii (7.00{\%}). Presence of oral candidiasis and weight loss is highly predictive of low DC4 count and can be considered as a marker of HIV disease progression. The patients coinfected with HIV and tuberculosis are also on rise. Recognition of dual infection and taking adequate steps to deal with this epidemic is needed. As Cryptosporidium infection was detected in large number, provision of safe drinking water and maintaining good hygiene is important for prevention. Early diagnosis of opportunistic infection and prompt treatment, delays the progression towards AIDS. 91.00{\%} of patients were infected with HIV1 and 4.00{\%} had HIV2 infection and 5.00{\%} were dully infected. 87.00{\%} of patients were males and 13.00{\%} were belonging to 21-40 years of age. Majority of them were belonging to lower socioeconomic status and heterosexual route of transmission was the commonest mode of spread.",
author = "A. Singh and I. Bairy and Shivananda, {P. G.}",
year = "2003",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "16--21",
journal = "Indian Journal of Medical Sciences",
issn = "0019-5359",
publisher = "Medknow Publications and Media Pvt. Ltd",
number = "1",

}

Singh, A, Bairy, I & Shivananda, PG 2003, 'Spectrum of opportunistic infections in AIDS cases', Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 16-21.

Spectrum of opportunistic infections in AIDS cases. / Singh, A.; Bairy, I.; Shivananda, P. G.

In: Indian Journal of Medical Sciences, Vol. 57, No. 1, 01.01.2003, p. 16-21.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spectrum of opportunistic infections in AIDS cases

AU - Singh, A.

AU - Bairy, I.

AU - Shivananda, P. G.

PY - 2003/1/1

Y1 - 2003/1/1

N2 - Human Immunodeficiency viruses are the initial causative agents in AIDS, but most of the morbidity and mortality in AIDS cases result from opportunistic infections, Identification of such pathogen is very important for clinicians and health planners to tackle the AIDS epidemic in more effective manner. The present study describes the clinical and laboratory profile of 100 AIDS causes who presented to a referral hospital. Oral candidiasis (59.00%) was found to be the most common opportunistic infection, followed by tuberculosis (56.00%), Cryptosporidium infection (47.00%) and Pneumocystis carinii (7.00%). Presence of oral candidiasis and weight loss is highly predictive of low DC4 count and can be considered as a marker of HIV disease progression. The patients coinfected with HIV and tuberculosis are also on rise. Recognition of dual infection and taking adequate steps to deal with this epidemic is needed. As Cryptosporidium infection was detected in large number, provision of safe drinking water and maintaining good hygiene is important for prevention. Early diagnosis of opportunistic infection and prompt treatment, delays the progression towards AIDS. 91.00% of patients were infected with HIV1 and 4.00% had HIV2 infection and 5.00% were dully infected. 87.00% of patients were males and 13.00% were belonging to 21-40 years of age. Majority of them were belonging to lower socioeconomic status and heterosexual route of transmission was the commonest mode of spread.

AB - Human Immunodeficiency viruses are the initial causative agents in AIDS, but most of the morbidity and mortality in AIDS cases result from opportunistic infections, Identification of such pathogen is very important for clinicians and health planners to tackle the AIDS epidemic in more effective manner. The present study describes the clinical and laboratory profile of 100 AIDS causes who presented to a referral hospital. Oral candidiasis (59.00%) was found to be the most common opportunistic infection, followed by tuberculosis (56.00%), Cryptosporidium infection (47.00%) and Pneumocystis carinii (7.00%). Presence of oral candidiasis and weight loss is highly predictive of low DC4 count and can be considered as a marker of HIV disease progression. The patients coinfected with HIV and tuberculosis are also on rise. Recognition of dual infection and taking adequate steps to deal with this epidemic is needed. As Cryptosporidium infection was detected in large number, provision of safe drinking water and maintaining good hygiene is important for prevention. Early diagnosis of opportunistic infection and prompt treatment, delays the progression towards AIDS. 91.00% of patients were infected with HIV1 and 4.00% had HIV2 infection and 5.00% were dully infected. 87.00% of patients were males and 13.00% were belonging to 21-40 years of age. Majority of them were belonging to lower socioeconomic status and heterosexual route of transmission was the commonest mode of spread.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0642274619&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0642274619&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 57

SP - 16

EP - 21

JO - Indian Journal of Medical Sciences

JF - Indian Journal of Medical Sciences

SN - 0019-5359

IS - 1

ER -