Spectrum of paranasal sinus mycoses in coastal India

Jyoti R. Kini, Spoorthy S. Shetty, Hema Kini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fungal infections of the nose and paranasal sinuses are uncommon, and the disease they cause can be identified from their histopathologic appearance. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of fungal infection and histopathologic changes in specimens sent for evaluation of chronic sinusitis and correlate with culture findings wherever possible. The records of 200 consecutive cases coded as paranasal sinuses over a period of 3 years were retrieved from the Department of Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore, India. Twenty nine out of a total of 200 specimens (14.5%) were positive for fungal elements on histopathologic examination. The most common etiologic agents in our study were Aspergillus spp (37.9%); only 1 culture (3.4%) was positive for a Candida species. Eight of 29 patients with fungal sinusitis (27.6%) had diabetes, and 1 patient was being treated for rheumatoid arthritis. Eight of the 29 patients had allergic fungal sinusitis, 8 had chronic granulomatous sinusitis, and 1 had acute fulminant invasive sinusitis. Fungi have been increasingly recognized as an important pathogen in chronic sinusitis. It is imperative for patient management not only that paranasal sinus mycoses be diagnosed but also that the specific histologic category be identified.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEar, Nose and Throat Journal
Volume91
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2012

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Mycoses
Paranasal Sinuses
Sinusitis
India
Paranasal Sinus Diseases
Aspergillus
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Candida
Nose
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Fungi
Pathology
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

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Spectrum of paranasal sinus mycoses in coastal India. / Kini, Jyoti R.; Shetty, Spoorthy S.; Kini, Hema.

In: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal, Vol. 91, No. 6, 01.06.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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