Stigmatization and Discrimination toward People Living with HIV/AIDS in a Coastal City of South India

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Abstract

Background: The HIV/AIDS scenario all over the world is complicated by the stigmatic and discriminative attitudes toward the HIV-infected individuals. Methodology: In this facility-based, cross-sectional study, 104 HIV-positive patients were assessed regarding their personal experience with HIV-related stigma and discrimination using a Revised HIV Stigma Scale. The association between stigma and factors such as socioeconomic status and gender was tested using chi-square test, and P <.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A large proportion (41.3%) of the participants were in the age-group of 26 to 35 years. Confidentiality of the HIV positivity status was maintained only in 14.4% of the participants. Compared to females (48.2%), more than half (51.5%) of the male participants had experienced HIV/AIDS-related personalized stigma (P >.05). Conclusion: HIV-related stigma and discrimination are the major social determinants driving the epidemic, despite the advances in medical treatment and increases in the awareness about the disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)226-232
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2017

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Stereotyping
India
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
Chi-Square Distribution
Social Class
Cross-Sectional Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

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title = "Stigmatization and Discrimination toward People Living with HIV/AIDS in a Coastal City of South India",
abstract = "Background: The HIV/AIDS scenario all over the world is complicated by the stigmatic and discriminative attitudes toward the HIV-infected individuals. Methodology: In this facility-based, cross-sectional study, 104 HIV-positive patients were assessed regarding their personal experience with HIV-related stigma and discrimination using a Revised HIV Stigma Scale. The association between stigma and factors such as socioeconomic status and gender was tested using chi-square test, and P <.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A large proportion (41.3{\%}) of the participants were in the age-group of 26 to 35 years. Confidentiality of the HIV positivity status was maintained only in 14.4{\%} of the participants. Compared to females (48.2{\%}), more than half (51.5{\%}) of the male participants had experienced HIV/AIDS-related personalized stigma (P >.05). Conclusion: HIV-related stigma and discrimination are the major social determinants driving the epidemic, despite the advances in medical treatment and increases in the awareness about the disease.",
author = "Nithin Kumar and Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan and Rekha Thapar and Prasanna Mithra and Vaman Kulkarni and Ramesh Holla and Darshan Bhagawan and Avinash Kumar",
year = "2017",
month = "5",
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doi = "10.1177/2325957415569309",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "226--232",
journal = "Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care",
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publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Stigmatization and Discrimination toward People Living with HIV/AIDS in a Coastal City of South India

AU - Kumar, Nithin

AU - Unnikrishnan, Bhaskaran

AU - Thapar, Rekha

AU - Mithra, Prasanna

AU - Kulkarni, Vaman

AU - Holla, Ramesh

AU - Bhagawan, Darshan

AU - Kumar, Avinash

PY - 2017/5/1

Y1 - 2017/5/1

N2 - Background: The HIV/AIDS scenario all over the world is complicated by the stigmatic and discriminative attitudes toward the HIV-infected individuals. Methodology: In this facility-based, cross-sectional study, 104 HIV-positive patients were assessed regarding their personal experience with HIV-related stigma and discrimination using a Revised HIV Stigma Scale. The association between stigma and factors such as socioeconomic status and gender was tested using chi-square test, and P <.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A large proportion (41.3%) of the participants were in the age-group of 26 to 35 years. Confidentiality of the HIV positivity status was maintained only in 14.4% of the participants. Compared to females (48.2%), more than half (51.5%) of the male participants had experienced HIV/AIDS-related personalized stigma (P >.05). Conclusion: HIV-related stigma and discrimination are the major social determinants driving the epidemic, despite the advances in medical treatment and increases in the awareness about the disease.

AB - Background: The HIV/AIDS scenario all over the world is complicated by the stigmatic and discriminative attitudes toward the HIV-infected individuals. Methodology: In this facility-based, cross-sectional study, 104 HIV-positive patients were assessed regarding their personal experience with HIV-related stigma and discrimination using a Revised HIV Stigma Scale. The association between stigma and factors such as socioeconomic status and gender was tested using chi-square test, and P <.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: A large proportion (41.3%) of the participants were in the age-group of 26 to 35 years. Confidentiality of the HIV positivity status was maintained only in 14.4% of the participants. Compared to females (48.2%), more than half (51.5%) of the male participants had experienced HIV/AIDS-related personalized stigma (P >.05). Conclusion: HIV-related stigma and discrimination are the major social determinants driving the epidemic, despite the advances in medical treatment and increases in the awareness about the disease.

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