Structured exercise program on foot biomechanics & insulin resistance among people living with type 2 diabetes with and without peripheral neuropathy

Amaravadi S. Kumar, Animesh Hazari, Arun G. Maiya, Barkur A. Shastry, Shivashankara K. Nagiri, K. Vaishali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The biomechanical changes in foot among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus often leads to various foot complications which could further add to diabetes related morbidity & mortality. These changes could be seen due to musculoskeletal factor like reduction in intrinsic foot muscle strength, tightness of lower limb muscles, postural changes, etc. AIM: To design and determine the efficacy of a structured exercise program on foot kinetics and kinematics among type 2 participants MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 participants with type 2 diabetes (n=15, type 2 diabetes mellitus without neuropathy and n=20, type 2 diabetes with peripheral neuropathy) were recruited. All participants were screened clinically & biochemically and given a set of structured exercise program, three times a week for 12weeks along with standard medical care. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 56±10.5 (Non neuropathy) 62.3±7.35 (Neuropathy) years, mean duration of diabetes was 8.7±8.95 (Non neuropathy), 10.97±8 (Neuropathy) years, mean Body mass index was 26.54± 4.83(Non neuropathy), 24.39±3.58 (Neuropathy), Significant differences have been observed in kinetic and kinematic variables. CONCLUSION: The present study shows that the structured exercise protocol is very effective in improving the biomechanics of foot in people with type 2 diabetes with and without neuropathy. It could help to correct the structure and function of the foot and eventually could reduce the risk of foot complications like diabetic foot ulcers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-61
Number of pages9
JournalDiabetes Mellitus
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2019

Fingerprint

Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
Biomechanical Phenomena
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Insulin Resistance
Foot
Muscle Tonus
Diabetic Foot
Muscle Strength
Lower Extremity
Body Mass Index
Morbidity
Muscles
Mortality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

@article{31cb6a6c5d9b497eb0db30388bee1f24,
title = "Structured exercise program on foot biomechanics & insulin resistance among people living with type 2 diabetes with and without peripheral neuropathy",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The biomechanical changes in foot among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus often leads to various foot complications which could further add to diabetes related morbidity & mortality. These changes could be seen due to musculoskeletal factor like reduction in intrinsic foot muscle strength, tightness of lower limb muscles, postural changes, etc. AIM: To design and determine the efficacy of a structured exercise program on foot kinetics and kinematics among type 2 participants MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 participants with type 2 diabetes (n=15, type 2 diabetes mellitus without neuropathy and n=20, type 2 diabetes with peripheral neuropathy) were recruited. All participants were screened clinically & biochemically and given a set of structured exercise program, three times a week for 12weeks along with standard medical care. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 56±10.5 (Non neuropathy) 62.3±7.35 (Neuropathy) years, mean duration of diabetes was 8.7±8.95 (Non neuropathy), 10.97±8 (Neuropathy) years, mean Body mass index was 26.54± 4.83(Non neuropathy), 24.39±3.58 (Neuropathy), Significant differences have been observed in kinetic and kinematic variables. CONCLUSION: The present study shows that the structured exercise protocol is very effective in improving the biomechanics of foot in people with type 2 diabetes with and without neuropathy. It could help to correct the structure and function of the foot and eventually could reduce the risk of foot complications like diabetic foot ulcers.",
author = "Kumar, {Amaravadi S.} and Animesh Hazari and Maiya, {Arun G.} and Shastry, {Barkur A.} and Nagiri, {Shivashankara K.} and K. Vaishali",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.14341/DM9804",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "53--61",
journal = "Diabetes Mellitus",
issn = "2072-0351",
publisher = "UP Print LLC",
number = "1",

}

Structured exercise program on foot biomechanics & insulin resistance among people living with type 2 diabetes with and without peripheral neuropathy. / Kumar, Amaravadi S.; Hazari, Animesh; Maiya, Arun G.; Shastry, Barkur A.; Nagiri, Shivashankara K.; Vaishali, K.

In: Diabetes Mellitus, Vol. 22, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 53-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Structured exercise program on foot biomechanics & insulin resistance among people living with type 2 diabetes with and without peripheral neuropathy

AU - Kumar, Amaravadi S.

AU - Hazari, Animesh

AU - Maiya, Arun G.

AU - Shastry, Barkur A.

AU - Nagiri, Shivashankara K.

AU - Vaishali, K.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: The biomechanical changes in foot among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus often leads to various foot complications which could further add to diabetes related morbidity & mortality. These changes could be seen due to musculoskeletal factor like reduction in intrinsic foot muscle strength, tightness of lower limb muscles, postural changes, etc. AIM: To design and determine the efficacy of a structured exercise program on foot kinetics and kinematics among type 2 participants MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 participants with type 2 diabetes (n=15, type 2 diabetes mellitus without neuropathy and n=20, type 2 diabetes with peripheral neuropathy) were recruited. All participants were screened clinically & biochemically and given a set of structured exercise program, three times a week for 12weeks along with standard medical care. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 56±10.5 (Non neuropathy) 62.3±7.35 (Neuropathy) years, mean duration of diabetes was 8.7±8.95 (Non neuropathy), 10.97±8 (Neuropathy) years, mean Body mass index was 26.54± 4.83(Non neuropathy), 24.39±3.58 (Neuropathy), Significant differences have been observed in kinetic and kinematic variables. CONCLUSION: The present study shows that the structured exercise protocol is very effective in improving the biomechanics of foot in people with type 2 diabetes with and without neuropathy. It could help to correct the structure and function of the foot and eventually could reduce the risk of foot complications like diabetic foot ulcers.

AB - BACKGROUND: The biomechanical changes in foot among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus often leads to various foot complications which could further add to diabetes related morbidity & mortality. These changes could be seen due to musculoskeletal factor like reduction in intrinsic foot muscle strength, tightness of lower limb muscles, postural changes, etc. AIM: To design and determine the efficacy of a structured exercise program on foot kinetics and kinematics among type 2 participants MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 participants with type 2 diabetes (n=15, type 2 diabetes mellitus without neuropathy and n=20, type 2 diabetes with peripheral neuropathy) were recruited. All participants were screened clinically & biochemically and given a set of structured exercise program, three times a week for 12weeks along with standard medical care. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 56±10.5 (Non neuropathy) 62.3±7.35 (Neuropathy) years, mean duration of diabetes was 8.7±8.95 (Non neuropathy), 10.97±8 (Neuropathy) years, mean Body mass index was 26.54± 4.83(Non neuropathy), 24.39±3.58 (Neuropathy), Significant differences have been observed in kinetic and kinematic variables. CONCLUSION: The present study shows that the structured exercise protocol is very effective in improving the biomechanics of foot in people with type 2 diabetes with and without neuropathy. It could help to correct the structure and function of the foot and eventually could reduce the risk of foot complications like diabetic foot ulcers.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065126403&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85065126403&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.14341/DM9804

DO - 10.14341/DM9804

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85065126403

VL - 22

SP - 53

EP - 61

JO - Diabetes Mellitus

JF - Diabetes Mellitus

SN - 2072-0351

IS - 1

ER -