Studies on the antioxidant activities of Desmodium gangeticum

R. Govindarajan, S. Rastogi, M. Vijayakumar, A. Shirwaikar, A.K.S. Rawat, S. Mehrotra, P. Pushpangadan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

228 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Desmodium gangeticum is herbal species which is widely used in the indigenous system of medicine and is reported to contain flavone and isoflavanoid glycosides. In view of its wide use and it's chemical composition, this study was aimed at examining the antioxidant activity of the extract of D. gangeticum. The extract was studied for diphenyl picryl hydrazyl (DPPH), nitric oxide, ferryl-bipyridyl and hypochlorous acid scavenging activity along with lipid peroxidation. Nitric oxide was generated using sodium nitroprusside and was studied using Griess reagent. In order to study the iron chelating capacity of the extract, the percentage ferryl-bipyridyl inhibition was studied. Hypochlorous acid scavenging activity was tested by measuring the inhibition of 5-thio-2-nitrobenzoic acid oxidation. The extract was also studied for lipid peroxidation assay by thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) method using rat brain homogenate. The results indicate that D. gangeticum extract has potent antioxidant activity. © 2003 Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1424-1427
Number of pages4
JournalBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

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Hypochlorous Acid
2,2'-Dipyridyl
flavone
Lipid Peroxidation
Nitric Oxide
Antioxidants
Pharmaceutical Societies
Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances
Nitroprusside
Traditional Medicine
Glycosides
Systems Analysis
Japan
Iron
Brain
diphenyl
Griess reagent
thionitrobenzoic acid

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Govindarajan, R., Rastogi, S., Vijayakumar, M., Shirwaikar, A., Rawat, A. K. S., Mehrotra, S., & Pushpangadan, P. (2003). Studies on the antioxidant activities of Desmodium gangeticum. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, 26(10), 1424-1427. https://doi.org/10.1248/bpb.26.1424
Govindarajan, R. ; Rastogi, S. ; Vijayakumar, M. ; Shirwaikar, A. ; Rawat, A.K.S. ; Mehrotra, S. ; Pushpangadan, P. / Studies on the antioxidant activities of Desmodium gangeticum. In: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 2003 ; Vol. 26, No. 10. pp. 1424-1427.
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abstract = "Desmodium gangeticum is herbal species which is widely used in the indigenous system of medicine and is reported to contain flavone and isoflavanoid glycosides. In view of its wide use and it's chemical composition, this study was aimed at examining the antioxidant activity of the extract of D. gangeticum. The extract was studied for diphenyl picryl hydrazyl (DPPH), nitric oxide, ferryl-bipyridyl and hypochlorous acid scavenging activity along with lipid peroxidation. Nitric oxide was generated using sodium nitroprusside and was studied using Griess reagent. In order to study the iron chelating capacity of the extract, the percentage ferryl-bipyridyl inhibition was studied. Hypochlorous acid scavenging activity was tested by measuring the inhibition of 5-thio-2-nitrobenzoic acid oxidation. The extract was also studied for lipid peroxidation assay by thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) method using rat brain homogenate. The results indicate that D. gangeticum extract has potent antioxidant activity. {\circledC} 2003 Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.",
author = "R. Govindarajan and S. Rastogi and M. Vijayakumar and A. Shirwaikar and A.K.S. Rawat and S. Mehrotra and P. Pushpangadan",
note = "Cited By :198 Export Date: 10 November 2017 CODEN: BPBLE Correspondence Address: Mehrotra, S.; Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division, National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow-226 001, India; email: pharmacognosy1@rediffmail.com Chemicals/CAS: 1,1 diphenyl 2 picrylhydrazyl, 1898-66-4; 5 mercapto 2 nitrobenzoic acid, 15139-21-6; ferrous ion, 15438-31-0; hypochlorous acid, 7790-92-3; nitric oxide, 10102-43-9; nitroprusside sodium, 14402-89-2, 15078-28-1; Antioxidants; Free Radical Scavengers; Plant Extracts References: Frei, B., (1999) FASEB J., 13, pp. 963-964; Zupko, I., Hohmann, J., Redei, D., Falkay, G., Janicsak, G., Mathe, I., (2001) Planta Med., 67, pp. 366-368; Valentao, P., Fernandes, E., Carvalho, F., Andrad, P.B., Seabra, R.M., Bostos, M.L., (2001) J. Agric. Food. Chem., 49, pp. 3476-3479; Haraguchi, H., Saitao, T., Ishikawa, H., Date, H., Kataoka, S., Tamura, Y., Mizutani, K., (1996) Planta Med., 62, pp. 217-221; Soares, J.R., Dinis, T.C.P., Cunha, A.P., Almeida, L., (1997) Free Rad. Res., 26, pp. 469-478; Chopra, R.N., Nayar, S.L., Chopra, I.C., (1956) Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants, p. 94. , Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi; Jabbar, S., Khan, M.T., Choudhuri, M.S., (2001) Pharmazie, 56, pp. 506-508; Iwu, M.M., Jackson, J.E., Tally, J.D., Klayman, D.L., (1992) Planta Med., 58, pp. 436-441; Ghosh, D., Anandkumar, A., (1981) Indian J. Pharmacol., 15, pp. 391-402; Ghosal, S., Bhattacharya, S.K., (1972) Planta Med., 22, pp. 434-440; Purushothman, K.K., Kishore, V.M., Narayanaswamy, V., (1971) J. Chem. Soc. (C), 1971, pp. 2420-2422; Sreejayan, N., Rao, M.N.A., (1996) Drug Research, 46, pp. 169-171; Preito, P., Pineda, M., Aguilar, M., (1999) Anal. Biochem., 269, pp. 337-341; Sreejayan, N., Rao, M.N.A., (1997) J. Pharm. Pharmacol., 49, pp. 105-107; Paya, M., Halliwell, B., Hoult, J.R.S., (1992) Biochem. Pharmacol., 44, pp. 205-214; Ching, T.L., De Jong, J., Bast, A., (1994) Anal. Biochem., 218, pp. 377-381; Valentao, P., Fernndes, E., Canvalho, F., Andrade, P.B., Seabra, R.M., Bastos, M.L., (2002) Biol. Pharm. Bull., 25, pp. 1324-1327; Harris, G.M., Livingstone, S.E., (1964) Bidentate Chelates in Chelating Agents and Metal Chelates, 1, p. 95. , ed. by Dwyer F. P., Mellor D. P., Academic Press, New York; Sinha, A.K., (1972) Anal. Biochem., 47, pp. 389-394; Okhawa, H., Ohishi, N., Yagi, K., (1979) Anal. Biochem., 95, pp. 351-355; Tripathi, Y.B., Sharma, M., (1998) Indian J. Biochem. Biophys., 35, pp. 313-316; Shinmoto, H., Dosako, S., Nakajima, I., (1992) Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 56, pp. 2079-2080; Bhattacharya, A., Chatterjee, A., Ghosal, S., Bhattacharya, S.K., (1999) Indian J. Exp. Biol., 37, pp. 676-680; Miller, M.J.S., Sadowska-Krowicka, H., Chotinaruemol, S., Kakkis, J.L., Clark, D.A., (1992) J. Pharmacol. Exp. Therapeutics, 264, pp. 11-16; Aruoma, O.L., Halliwell, B., Hoey, B.M., Butler, J., (1989) Free Rad. Biol. Med., 6, pp. 593-597; Halliwell, B., Gutteridge, J.M.C., (1993) Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine, pp. 79-86. , Clarendon, Oxford",
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Govindarajan, R, Rastogi, S, Vijayakumar, M, Shirwaikar, A, Rawat, AKS, Mehrotra, S & Pushpangadan, P 2003, 'Studies on the antioxidant activities of Desmodium gangeticum', Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 26, no. 10, pp. 1424-1427. https://doi.org/10.1248/bpb.26.1424

Studies on the antioxidant activities of Desmodium gangeticum. / Govindarajan, R.; Rastogi, S.; Vijayakumar, M.; Shirwaikar, A.; Rawat, A.K.S.; Mehrotra, S.; Pushpangadan, P.

In: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, Vol. 26, No. 10, 2003, p. 1424-1427.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Studies on the antioxidant activities of Desmodium gangeticum

AU - Govindarajan, R.

AU - Rastogi, S.

AU - Vijayakumar, M.

AU - Shirwaikar, A.

AU - Rawat, A.K.S.

AU - Mehrotra, S.

AU - Pushpangadan, P.

N1 - Cited By :198 Export Date: 10 November 2017 CODEN: BPBLE Correspondence Address: Mehrotra, S.; Pharmacognosy and Ethnopharmacology Division, National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow-226 001, India; email: pharmacognosy1@rediffmail.com Chemicals/CAS: 1,1 diphenyl 2 picrylhydrazyl, 1898-66-4; 5 mercapto 2 nitrobenzoic acid, 15139-21-6; ferrous ion, 15438-31-0; hypochlorous acid, 7790-92-3; nitric oxide, 10102-43-9; nitroprusside sodium, 14402-89-2, 15078-28-1; Antioxidants; Free Radical Scavengers; Plant Extracts References: Frei, B., (1999) FASEB J., 13, pp. 963-964; Zupko, I., Hohmann, J., Redei, D., Falkay, G., Janicsak, G., Mathe, I., (2001) Planta Med., 67, pp. 366-368; Valentao, P., Fernandes, E., Carvalho, F., Andrad, P.B., Seabra, R.M., Bostos, M.L., (2001) J. Agric. Food. Chem., 49, pp. 3476-3479; Haraguchi, H., Saitao, T., Ishikawa, H., Date, H., Kataoka, S., Tamura, Y., Mizutani, K., (1996) Planta Med., 62, pp. 217-221; Soares, J.R., Dinis, T.C.P., Cunha, A.P., Almeida, L., (1997) Free Rad. Res., 26, pp. 469-478; Chopra, R.N., Nayar, S.L., Chopra, I.C., (1956) Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants, p. 94. , Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi; Jabbar, S., Khan, M.T., Choudhuri, M.S., (2001) Pharmazie, 56, pp. 506-508; Iwu, M.M., Jackson, J.E., Tally, J.D., Klayman, D.L., (1992) Planta Med., 58, pp. 436-441; Ghosh, D., Anandkumar, A., (1981) Indian J. Pharmacol., 15, pp. 391-402; Ghosal, S., Bhattacharya, S.K., (1972) Planta Med., 22, pp. 434-440; Purushothman, K.K., Kishore, V.M., Narayanaswamy, V., (1971) J. Chem. Soc. (C), 1971, pp. 2420-2422; Sreejayan, N., Rao, M.N.A., (1996) Drug Research, 46, pp. 169-171; Preito, P., Pineda, M., Aguilar, M., (1999) Anal. Biochem., 269, pp. 337-341; Sreejayan, N., Rao, M.N.A., (1997) J. Pharm. Pharmacol., 49, pp. 105-107; Paya, M., Halliwell, B., Hoult, J.R.S., (1992) Biochem. Pharmacol., 44, pp. 205-214; Ching, T.L., De Jong, J., Bast, A., (1994) Anal. Biochem., 218, pp. 377-381; Valentao, P., Fernndes, E., Canvalho, F., Andrade, P.B., Seabra, R.M., Bastos, M.L., (2002) Biol. Pharm. Bull., 25, pp. 1324-1327; Harris, G.M., Livingstone, S.E., (1964) Bidentate Chelates in Chelating Agents and Metal Chelates, 1, p. 95. , ed. by Dwyer F. P., Mellor D. P., Academic Press, New York; Sinha, A.K., (1972) Anal. Biochem., 47, pp. 389-394; Okhawa, H., Ohishi, N., Yagi, K., (1979) Anal. Biochem., 95, pp. 351-355; Tripathi, Y.B., Sharma, M., (1998) Indian J. Biochem. Biophys., 35, pp. 313-316; Shinmoto, H., Dosako, S., Nakajima, I., (1992) Biosci. Biotech. Biochem., 56, pp. 2079-2080; Bhattacharya, A., Chatterjee, A., Ghosal, S., Bhattacharya, S.K., (1999) Indian J. Exp. Biol., 37, pp. 676-680; Miller, M.J.S., Sadowska-Krowicka, H., Chotinaruemol, S., Kakkis, J.L., Clark, D.A., (1992) J. Pharmacol. Exp. Therapeutics, 264, pp. 11-16; Aruoma, O.L., Halliwell, B., Hoey, B.M., Butler, J., (1989) Free Rad. Biol. Med., 6, pp. 593-597; Halliwell, B., Gutteridge, J.M.C., (1993) Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine, pp. 79-86. , Clarendon, Oxford

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - Desmodium gangeticum is herbal species which is widely used in the indigenous system of medicine and is reported to contain flavone and isoflavanoid glycosides. In view of its wide use and it's chemical composition, this study was aimed at examining the antioxidant activity of the extract of D. gangeticum. The extract was studied for diphenyl picryl hydrazyl (DPPH), nitric oxide, ferryl-bipyridyl and hypochlorous acid scavenging activity along with lipid peroxidation. Nitric oxide was generated using sodium nitroprusside and was studied using Griess reagent. In order to study the iron chelating capacity of the extract, the percentage ferryl-bipyridyl inhibition was studied. Hypochlorous acid scavenging activity was tested by measuring the inhibition of 5-thio-2-nitrobenzoic acid oxidation. The extract was also studied for lipid peroxidation assay by thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) method using rat brain homogenate. The results indicate that D. gangeticum extract has potent antioxidant activity. © 2003 Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.

AB - Desmodium gangeticum is herbal species which is widely used in the indigenous system of medicine and is reported to contain flavone and isoflavanoid glycosides. In view of its wide use and it's chemical composition, this study was aimed at examining the antioxidant activity of the extract of D. gangeticum. The extract was studied for diphenyl picryl hydrazyl (DPPH), nitric oxide, ferryl-bipyridyl and hypochlorous acid scavenging activity along with lipid peroxidation. Nitric oxide was generated using sodium nitroprusside and was studied using Griess reagent. In order to study the iron chelating capacity of the extract, the percentage ferryl-bipyridyl inhibition was studied. Hypochlorous acid scavenging activity was tested by measuring the inhibition of 5-thio-2-nitrobenzoic acid oxidation. The extract was also studied for lipid peroxidation assay by thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) method using rat brain homogenate. The results indicate that D. gangeticum extract has potent antioxidant activity. © 2003 Pharmaceutical Society of Japan.

U2 - 10.1248/bpb.26.1424

DO - 10.1248/bpb.26.1424

M3 - Article

VL - 26

SP - 1424

EP - 1427

JO - Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin

JF - Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin

SN - 0918-6158

IS - 10

ER -

Govindarajan R, Rastogi S, Vijayakumar M, Shirwaikar A, Rawat AKS, Mehrotra S et al. Studies on the antioxidant activities of Desmodium gangeticum. Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin. 2003;26(10):1424-1427. https://doi.org/10.1248/bpb.26.1424