Background: India does not have a formal cardiac arrest registry or a centralized emergency medical system. In this study, we aimed to assess the prehospital care received by the patients with OHCA and predict the factors that could influence their outcome. Methods: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients presenting to the emergency department in a tertiary care centre were included in the study. Prehospital care was assessed in terms of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), mode of transport, resuscitation in ambulance. OHCA outcomes like Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), survival to hospital discharge and favourable neurological outcome at discharge were assessed. Results: Among 205 patients, the majority were male (71.2%) and were above 60 years of age (49.3%); Predominantly non-traumatic (82.4%). 30.7% of the patients had sustained cardiac arrest in transit to the hospital. 41.5% of patients reached hospital by means other than ambulance. Only 9.8% patients had received bystander CPR. Only 12.5% ambulances had BLS trained personnel. AED was used only in 1% of patients. The initial rhythm at presentation to the hospital was non-shockable (96.5%). Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) was achieved in 17 (8.3%) patients, of which only 3 (1.4%) patients survived till discharge. The initial shockable rhythm was a significant predictor of ROSC (OR 18.97 95%CI 3.83–93.89; p < 0.001) and survival to discharge (OR 42.67; 95%CI 7.69–234.32; p < 0.001). Conclusion: The outcome of OHCA in India is dismal. The pre-hospital care received by the OHCA victim needs attention. Low by-stander CPR rate, under-utilised and under-equipped EMS system are the challenges.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine