Study of the influence of normal and high blood pressure on normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation using fluid-structure interaction

S. M.A. Abdul Khader, Anurag Ayachit, Raghuvir Pai, Zubair, K. A. Ahmed

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Atherosclerosis (stenosis) is a common cardiovascular disease in which the blood vessel restructures by narrowing, thickening and gets hardened due to the deposition of plaque. A detailed study of narrowing of arteries applying computational aspects which leads to better findings in order to know the underlying mechanics of development and progression of such diseases. Such kind of analysis can be a useful tool for the medical professionals to study the realistic physiological conditions. They can simulate and observe the blood flow in arteries. In the present study, a case of normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation is simulated. The models are generated in CATIA based on the clinical data obtained from a patient using Ultrasound Doppler. A transient FSI analysis considering Newtonian behavior is performed to compare the significance of High Blood Pressure (HBP) and Normal Blood Pressure (NBP) on carotid bifurcation. The FSI simulation is carried out for both HBP and NBP conditions for several pulse cycles on normal and stenosed models using ANSYS13.0 to demonstrate the changes in flow behavior at various sections of the model. The computed results agree well with clinical observations and available literature as seen in case of NBP.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
Pages982-986
Number of pages5
Volume315
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event3rd International Conference on Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, ICME 2012 - , Malaysia
Duration: 20-11-201221-11-2012

Publication series

NameApplied Mechanics and Materials
Volume315
ISSN (Print)1660-9336
ISSN (Electronic)1662-7482

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, ICME 2012
CountryMalaysia
Period20-11-1221-11-12

Fingerprint

Fluid structure interaction
Blood pressure
Blood vessels
Transient analysis
Mechanics
Blood
Ultrasonics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Abdul Khader, S. M. A., Ayachit, A., Pai, R., Zubair, & Ahmed, K. A. (2013). Study of the influence of normal and high blood pressure on normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation using fluid-structure interaction. In Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering (Vol. 315, pp. 982-986). (Applied Mechanics and Materials; Vol. 315). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.315.982
Abdul Khader, S. M.A. ; Ayachit, Anurag ; Pai, Raghuvir ; Zubair ; Ahmed, K. A. / Study of the influence of normal and high blood pressure on normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation using fluid-structure interaction. Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering. Vol. 315 2013. pp. 982-986 (Applied Mechanics and Materials).
@inproceedings{ee8ab05bfae34020a952950fc92c328b,
title = "Study of the influence of normal and high blood pressure on normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation using fluid-structure interaction",
abstract = "Atherosclerosis (stenosis) is a common cardiovascular disease in which the blood vessel restructures by narrowing, thickening and gets hardened due to the deposition of plaque. A detailed study of narrowing of arteries applying computational aspects which leads to better findings in order to know the underlying mechanics of development and progression of such diseases. Such kind of analysis can be a useful tool for the medical professionals to study the realistic physiological conditions. They can simulate and observe the blood flow in arteries. In the present study, a case of normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation is simulated. The models are generated in CATIA based on the clinical data obtained from a patient using Ultrasound Doppler. A transient FSI analysis considering Newtonian behavior is performed to compare the significance of High Blood Pressure (HBP) and Normal Blood Pressure (NBP) on carotid bifurcation. The FSI simulation is carried out for both HBP and NBP conditions for several pulse cycles on normal and stenosed models using ANSYS13.0 to demonstrate the changes in flow behavior at various sections of the model. The computed results agree well with clinical observations and available literature as seen in case of NBP.",
author = "{Abdul Khader}, {S. M.A.} and Anurag Ayachit and Raghuvir Pai and Zubair and Ahmed, {K. A.}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.315.982",
language = "English",
isbn = "9783037856352",
volume = "315",
series = "Applied Mechanics and Materials",
pages = "982--986",
booktitle = "Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering",

}

Abdul Khader, SMA, Ayachit, A, Pai, R, Zubair & Ahmed, KA 2013, Study of the influence of normal and high blood pressure on normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation using fluid-structure interaction. in Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering. vol. 315, Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 315, pp. 982-986, 3rd International Conference on Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, ICME 2012, Malaysia, 20-11-12. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.315.982

Study of the influence of normal and high blood pressure on normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation using fluid-structure interaction. / Abdul Khader, S. M.A.; Ayachit, Anurag; Pai, Raghuvir; Zubair; Ahmed, K. A.

Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering. Vol. 315 2013. p. 982-986 (Applied Mechanics and Materials; Vol. 315).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Study of the influence of normal and high blood pressure on normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation using fluid-structure interaction

AU - Abdul Khader, S. M.A.

AU - Ayachit, Anurag

AU - Pai, Raghuvir

AU - Zubair, null

AU - Ahmed, K. A.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Atherosclerosis (stenosis) is a common cardiovascular disease in which the blood vessel restructures by narrowing, thickening and gets hardened due to the deposition of plaque. A detailed study of narrowing of arteries applying computational aspects which leads to better findings in order to know the underlying mechanics of development and progression of such diseases. Such kind of analysis can be a useful tool for the medical professionals to study the realistic physiological conditions. They can simulate and observe the blood flow in arteries. In the present study, a case of normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation is simulated. The models are generated in CATIA based on the clinical data obtained from a patient using Ultrasound Doppler. A transient FSI analysis considering Newtonian behavior is performed to compare the significance of High Blood Pressure (HBP) and Normal Blood Pressure (NBP) on carotid bifurcation. The FSI simulation is carried out for both HBP and NBP conditions for several pulse cycles on normal and stenosed models using ANSYS13.0 to demonstrate the changes in flow behavior at various sections of the model. The computed results agree well with clinical observations and available literature as seen in case of NBP.

AB - Atherosclerosis (stenosis) is a common cardiovascular disease in which the blood vessel restructures by narrowing, thickening and gets hardened due to the deposition of plaque. A detailed study of narrowing of arteries applying computational aspects which leads to better findings in order to know the underlying mechanics of development and progression of such diseases. Such kind of analysis can be a useful tool for the medical professionals to study the realistic physiological conditions. They can simulate and observe the blood flow in arteries. In the present study, a case of normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation is simulated. The models are generated in CATIA based on the clinical data obtained from a patient using Ultrasound Doppler. A transient FSI analysis considering Newtonian behavior is performed to compare the significance of High Blood Pressure (HBP) and Normal Blood Pressure (NBP) on carotid bifurcation. The FSI simulation is carried out for both HBP and NBP conditions for several pulse cycles on normal and stenosed models using ANSYS13.0 to demonstrate the changes in flow behavior at various sections of the model. The computed results agree well with clinical observations and available literature as seen in case of NBP.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876352502&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876352502&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.315.982

DO - 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.315.982

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84876352502

SN - 9783037856352

VL - 315

T3 - Applied Mechanics and Materials

SP - 982

EP - 986

BT - Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering

ER -

Abdul Khader SMA, Ayachit A, Pai R, Zubair, Ahmed KA. Study of the influence of normal and high blood pressure on normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation using fluid-structure interaction. In Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering. Vol. 315. 2013. p. 982-986. (Applied Mechanics and Materials). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.315.982