Study of the influence of normal and high blood pressure on normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation using fluid-structure interaction

S. M.A. Abdul Khader, Anurag Ayachit, Raghuvir Pai, Zubair, K. A. Ahmed

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Atherosclerosis (stenosis) is a common cardiovascular disease in which the blood vessel restructures by narrowing, thickening and gets hardened due to the deposition of plaque. A detailed study of narrowing of arteries applying computational aspects which leads to better findings in order to know the underlying mechanics of development and progression of such diseases. Such kind of analysis can be a useful tool for the medical professionals to study the realistic physiological conditions. They can simulate and observe the blood flow in arteries. In the present study, a case of normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation is simulated. The models are generated in CATIA based on the clinical data obtained from a patient using Ultrasound Doppler. A transient FSI analysis considering Newtonian behavior is performed to compare the significance of High Blood Pressure (HBP) and Normal Blood Pressure (NBP) on carotid bifurcation. The FSI simulation is carried out for both HBP and NBP conditions for several pulse cycles on normal and stenosed models using ANSYS13.0 to demonstrate the changes in flow behavior at various sections of the model. The computed results agree well with clinical observations and available literature as seen in case of NBP.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMechanical and Manufacturing Engineering
Pages982-986
Number of pages5
Volume315
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event3rd International Conference on Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, ICME 2012 - , Malaysia
Duration: 20-11-201221-11-2012

Publication series

NameApplied Mechanics and Materials
Volume315
ISSN (Print)1660-9336
ISSN (Electronic)1662-7482

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, ICME 2012
CountryMalaysia
Period20-11-1221-11-12

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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    Abdul Khader, S. M. A., Ayachit, A., Pai, R., Zubair, & Ahmed, K. A. (2013). Study of the influence of normal and high blood pressure on normal and stenosed carotid bifurcation using fluid-structure interaction. In Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering (Vol. 315, pp. 982-986). (Applied Mechanics and Materials; Vol. 315). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.315.982