Introduction: Spinal atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumour (AT/RT) is exquisitely rare and constitutes 2% of all AT/RTs. Case Presentation: A 6-year-old boy presented with low backache for the last 5 months. MRI of the spine showed a 1.5 × 1.5 × 4.7 cm intradural extramedullary mass extending from D10 to D12, causing compression of the conus medullaris. With a preoperative diagnosis of ependymoma, a gross total resection (GTR) of tumour was performed. Post-operative histopathology showed AT/RT. The tumour cells were immunopositive for cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen, smooth muscle actin, and p53 and immunonegative for MIC2, desmin, glial fibrillary acidic protein, and INI1. Post-operative neuraxis MRI revealed post-operative changes (D10-D12) with a 9 mm enhancing lesion at L5-S1 junction suggesting drop metastasis. There was no lesion in brain. Cerebrospinal fluid cytology did not show any malignant cell. The metastatic work-up was normal. He received 3 cycles of chemotherapy with ICE regimen (ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide). Subsequently, he received craniospinal irradiation (CSI)-36 Gy/20 fractions/4 weeks followed by focal boost to primary tumour bed and spinal drop metastasis-14.4 Gy/8 fractions/1.5 weeks. Thereafter, he received 3 more cycles of ICE regimen. End-of-treatment MRI spine showed post-op changes (D10-D12) and 38.9% reduction of the L5-S1 lesion suggesting partial response. Six monthly spinal MRI showed serial reduction of the metastatic lesion leading to complete response (CR) 1 year after completion of treatment. On last follow-up (30 months from the initial diagnosis), he was neurologically intact and in CR. Conclusion: Multimodality management comprising GTR of tumour, CSI followed by focal boost, and multiagent chemotherapy (ICE) can lead to successful outcome in patients with this rare and aggressive spinal tumour.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology