Purpose: Growing skull fractures are rare complications of traumatic skull fractures in children. The authors aim to share their experience in management of such lesions and analyse clinicoradiological features, surgical management and outcome in addition to prognostication factors. Materials and methods: Retrospective study performed to include patients ≤18 years operated for growing skull fractures at our trauma centre from December 2007 to February 2014. Results: Forty-three children were operated. Mean age at presentation was 4.57 years (range 7 months–18 years). Mean duration of onset of symptoms from initial trauma was 3.34 months (2 days–24 months). Mean interval from symptom onset to surgical repair was 11.6 months (1 week–15 years). Progressive non-tender scalp swelling was the most common symptom and parietal, the most common location. Duraplasty alone was performed in four patients while combined duro-cranioplasty was performed in the rest. Mean follow-up duration was 31 months (4–72 months). Subdural hygroma was associated in six cases. Two patients expired; rest all survivors had good-to-excellent cosmetic outcomes. Conclusions: Being the second largest series to date, it adds significant valuable contribution to this topic. Poor prognostic factors were age >8 years, females, large defects (>7 cm), severe head injury at initial trauma, defects crossing midline and delayed repair (>8 months). Delayed onset seizures and new onset/progression of pre-existing deficits can be indirect markers of evolution. Surgical repair with water-tight dural closure is the standard treatment. Emphasis on early treatment is highlighted which is probably beneficial in improving neurological deficits. Good-to-excellent outcomes are noted in majority, even in cases with delayed presentations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology