Synthesis and applications of main-chain Ru(ii) metallo-polymers containing bis-terpyridyl ligands with various benzodiazole cores for solar cells

Harihara Padhy, Duryodhan Sahu, I. Hung Chiang, Dhananjaya Patra, Dhananjay Kekuda, Chih Wei Chu, Hong Cheu Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A series of π-conjugated bis-terpyridyl ligands (M1-M3) bearing various benzodiazole cores and their corresponding main-chain Ru(ii) metallo-polymers were designed and synthesized. The formation of metallo-polymers were confirmed by NMR, relative viscosity, and UV-visible titration measurements. The effects of electron donor and acceptor interactions on their thermal, optical, electrochemical, and photovoltaic properties were investigated. Due to the strong intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) interaction and metal to ligand charge transfer (MLCT) in Ru(ii)-containing polymers, the absorption spectra covered a broad range of 260-750 nm with the optical band gaps of 1.77-1.63 eV. In addition, due to the broad sensitization areas of the metallo-polymers, their bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cell devices containing [6,6]-phenyl-C 61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as an electron acceptor exhibited a high short-circuit current (Jsc). An optimum PVC device based on the blended polymer P1:PCBM = 1:1 (w/w) achieved the maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) value up to 0.45%, with Voc = 0.61 V, Jsc = 2.18 mA cm-2, and FF = 34.1% (under AM 1.5 G 100 mW cm -2), which demonstrated a novel family of conjugated polyelectrolytes with the highest PCE value comparable with BHJ solar cells fabricated from ionic polythiophene and C60.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1196-1205
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28-01-2011

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Solar cells
Polymers
Ligands
Butyric Acid
Butyric acid
Conversion efficiency
Heterojunctions
Charge transfer
Esters
Bearings (structural)
Electrons
Optical band gaps
Polyelectrolytes
Titration
Polyvinyl Chloride
Short circuit currents
Absorption spectra
Polyvinyl chlorides
Metals
Nuclear magnetic resonance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Padhy, Harihara ; Sahu, Duryodhan ; Chiang, I. Hung ; Patra, Dhananjaya ; Kekuda, Dhananjay ; Chu, Chih Wei ; Lin, Hong Cheu. / Synthesis and applications of main-chain Ru(ii) metallo-polymers containing bis-terpyridyl ligands with various benzodiazole cores for solar cells. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry. 2011 ; Vol. 21, No. 4. pp. 1196-1205.
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abstract = "A series of π-conjugated bis-terpyridyl ligands (M1-M3) bearing various benzodiazole cores and their corresponding main-chain Ru(ii) metallo-polymers were designed and synthesized. The formation of metallo-polymers were confirmed by NMR, relative viscosity, and UV-visible titration measurements. The effects of electron donor and acceptor interactions on their thermal, optical, electrochemical, and photovoltaic properties were investigated. Due to the strong intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) interaction and metal to ligand charge transfer (MLCT) in Ru(ii)-containing polymers, the absorption spectra covered a broad range of 260-750 nm with the optical band gaps of 1.77-1.63 eV. In addition, due to the broad sensitization areas of the metallo-polymers, their bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cell devices containing [6,6]-phenyl-C 61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as an electron acceptor exhibited a high short-circuit current (Jsc). An optimum PVC device based on the blended polymer P1:PCBM = 1:1 (w/w) achieved the maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) value up to 0.45{\%}, with Voc = 0.61 V, Jsc = 2.18 mA cm-2, and FF = 34.1{\%} (under AM 1.5 G 100 mW cm -2), which demonstrated a novel family of conjugated polyelectrolytes with the highest PCE value comparable with BHJ solar cells fabricated from ionic polythiophene and C60.",
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Synthesis and applications of main-chain Ru(ii) metallo-polymers containing bis-terpyridyl ligands with various benzodiazole cores for solar cells. / Padhy, Harihara; Sahu, Duryodhan; Chiang, I. Hung; Patra, Dhananjaya; Kekuda, Dhananjay; Chu, Chih Wei; Lin, Hong Cheu.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 21, No. 4, 28.01.2011, p. 1196-1205.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Synthesis and applications of main-chain Ru(ii) metallo-polymers containing bis-terpyridyl ligands with various benzodiazole cores for solar cells

AU - Padhy, Harihara

AU - Sahu, Duryodhan

AU - Chiang, I. Hung

AU - Patra, Dhananjaya

AU - Kekuda, Dhananjay

AU - Chu, Chih Wei

AU - Lin, Hong Cheu

PY - 2011/1/28

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AB - A series of π-conjugated bis-terpyridyl ligands (M1-M3) bearing various benzodiazole cores and their corresponding main-chain Ru(ii) metallo-polymers were designed and synthesized. The formation of metallo-polymers were confirmed by NMR, relative viscosity, and UV-visible titration measurements. The effects of electron donor and acceptor interactions on their thermal, optical, electrochemical, and photovoltaic properties were investigated. Due to the strong intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) interaction and metal to ligand charge transfer (MLCT) in Ru(ii)-containing polymers, the absorption spectra covered a broad range of 260-750 nm with the optical band gaps of 1.77-1.63 eV. In addition, due to the broad sensitization areas of the metallo-polymers, their bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cell devices containing [6,6]-phenyl-C 61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) as an electron acceptor exhibited a high short-circuit current (Jsc). An optimum PVC device based on the blended polymer P1:PCBM = 1:1 (w/w) achieved the maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) value up to 0.45%, with Voc = 0.61 V, Jsc = 2.18 mA cm-2, and FF = 34.1% (under AM 1.5 G 100 mW cm -2), which demonstrated a novel family of conjugated polyelectrolytes with the highest PCE value comparable with BHJ solar cells fabricated from ionic polythiophene and C60.

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