A series of poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone-maleic anhydride-styrene) terpolymers have been synthesized using titanium(III)-dimethylglyoxime redox initiator system. The usage of redox initiators in the terpolymerization was limited; hence it should be considered as a new approach. The reactivity of the monomers has been studied by well-accepted Kelen-Tudos and Fineman-Ross linear methods and compared with the nonlinear RREVM method. The results also suggested that the RREVM method is the most reliable and superior method for the estimation of reactivity ratios. The reactivity ratios for the terpolymer (r 1 0.99 and r 2 0.05) obtained from the RREVM method showed that the N-vinyl pyrrolidone-maleic anhydride complex was more predominant than styrene in the terpolymer and the complex had more attraction toward itself than styrene. The microstructure determination study depicts that alternating polymer can be prepared by increasing the styrene feed content. The resonance factor and polarity of the complex were calculated as 5.01 and 0.93, respectively, which were different from those of the individual monomers. These calculations would help in predicting the association of monomers during copolymerization. It was observed that the glass transition temperature of the terpolymer increased as the complex ratio in the terpolymer increased. The terpolymer was thermally stable up to 323 C.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry