Techno economic analysis of chemical looping system for Indian power plants

Soumya Satyakanta Sethi, Sujit K. Dutta, Jayant, Manish Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Chemical looping combustion (CLC) has been developed as a major new generation CO2 capture technology which involves inherent CO2 separation and high system conversion efficiency. The technology is well-known to have low energy penalty, as compared to other technologies. This paper intends to carry out a numerical investigation on the flow characteristics of the chemical looping combustion (CLC) process using the cold model fabricated and commissioned by CSIR-CIMFR, Dhanbad. It attempts to visualise the hydrodynamic viability of the system, which is very important to know the effect of the configuration of the system on circulation of the oxygen carrier particles. Cost analysis for a power plant implemented with chemical looping based capture system in Indian condition has also been presented. The pressure drop profile, volume fraction distribution of particles and fluidisation patterns are analysed and found to give expected results. The effects of gas phase and solid phase velocity are also studied, through which, similarity in flow pattern of ilmenite as well as air can be seen in both the plots. Through the cost analysis, higher temperature in both air reactor as well as fuel reactor has been found to increase plant efficiency while residence time in both reactor was found to have a little effect on the plant efficiency. As cost for O&M for gasifier was found to be more, change and modification of the gasifier unit will play a major role towards increasing the plant efficiency with incorporation of chemical looping as a carbon capture system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-29
Number of pages14
JournalEnvironmental Technology and Innovation
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-02-2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

power plants
economic analysis
power plant
cost analysis
combustion
carbon dioxide
well technology
hydrodynamics
fluidization
air temperature
phase velocity
air
pressure drop
ilmenite
viability
gases
flow pattern
oxygen
residence time
carbon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Soil Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Sethi, Soumya Satyakanta ; Dutta, Sujit K. ; Jayant ; Kumar, Manish. / Techno economic analysis of chemical looping system for Indian power plants. In: Environmental Technology and Innovation. 2018 ; Vol. 9. pp. 16-29.
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Techno economic analysis of chemical looping system for Indian power plants. / Sethi, Soumya Satyakanta; Dutta, Sujit K.; Jayant; Kumar, Manish.

In: Environmental Technology and Innovation, Vol. 9, 01.02.2018, p. 16-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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