The self-shielding factor method in the multigroup approach is well known in Reactor Physics. The temperature and background dependent neutron cross-sections are conventionally represented, in a problem-independent multigroup cross-section set, by specifying, for each group and reaction, the unshielded cross-section (at 0 K) along with a set of self-shielding factors for various background cross-sections and temperatures. Usually the unshielded group cross-section is taken for granted to be independent of temperature. This paper illustrates that the temperature dependence of the unshielded cross-section could be significant, depending on the relative positions of the group boundaries and the energies of the resonance peaks, and also that the Doppler changes in the effective cross-sections could be significantly affected by the convention. For internal consistency in a multigroup cross-section set, the definition of self-shielding factor must be relative to the unshielded average at 0 K.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering