Teniposide (VM-26) treatment enhances the radiation-induced micronuclei in the bone marrow of mouse

Ganesh Chandra Jagetia, R. Aruna

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Abstract

The effect of Teniposide (VM-26) pretreatment was studied on the micronuclei induction in the bone marrow of mice exposed to 0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 3 Gy of gamma radiation at 12, 24 and 36 h post-irradiation. Administration of 0.05 mg/kg body weight of VM-26 to mice before irradiation resulted in the significant enhancement of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes (MPCE) at 12, 24 and 36 h post-irradiation. Highest elevation in the frequency of MPCE was observed in VM-26+irradiation group after exposure to 0.5 Gy when compared to concurrent DDW+irradiation group. This increase was two fold higher in VM-26+irradiation group at 12 and 24 h, while it was 3 fold higher at 36 h post-irradiation compared to DDW+irradiation group. The peak frequency of MPCE was observed at 24 h post-irradiation in both groups, which declined thereafter. The frequency of micronucleated normochromatic erythrocytes (MNCE) increased in a dose dependent manner in both DDW+irradiation and VM-26+irradiation groups. However, the frequency of MNCE was significantly higher in the latter when compared to the former group. The frequency of MNCE exhibited a continuous elevation up to 36 h post-irradiation in both DDW+irradiation and VM-26+irradiation groups. Treatment of mice with teniposide before irradiation resulted in a significant decline in the PCE/NCE ratio compared to DDW+irradiation group. The PCE/NCE ratio continued to decline up to 36 h post-irradiation in both the groups. The dose response for MPCE and PCE/NCE ratio was linear quadratic, while it was linear for MNCE. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-98
Number of pages12
JournalMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Volume425
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10-03-1999
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Molecular Biology

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