The neutron detector with 3He-filled counters placed in the focal plane of the VASSILISSA separator is used for measuring the average number and determining the multiplicity distribution of prompt neutrons from the spontaneous fission of heavy short-lived isotopes. The test reaction 48Ca + 206Pb = 2n+252No is used for tuning the separator settings and calibrating the detector system with the spontaneous fission of the 252No. The average neutron number per 252No spontaneous fission event is as large as ν̄ = 4.06 ± 0.12. The short-lived heavy isotope 244Fm, produced in the complete fusion reaction 40Ar + 206Pb, is investigated. The average number of neutrons per spontaneous fission of 244Fm from the experimental data (ν̄ = 3.3 ± 0.3) is determined for the first time.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics