Supramolecular polymers have the combined properties of both traditional polymers and supramolecules. They are generally formedviathe self-assembled polymerization driven noncovalent interactions such as hydrogen bonding, π-π stacking, metal coordination, and host-guest interaction between building blocks. The driving force for the formation of supramolecular polymers has changed from single noncovalent interactions to multiple noncovalent interactions. The advantages of multiple noncovalent interactions driving the formation of supramolecular polymers are reviewed from four aspects: polymer construction, the enhancement of bonding strength, properties and topological structure. The applications are illustrated with detailed examples including self-healing, drug delivery, bioimaging, biomedicine, environmental sensing and electronics.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry