The relationship between uterine artery two-dimensional color doppler measurement and pregnancy outcome: A prospective observational study

Sudha Prasad, Ritu Goyal, Yogesh Kumar, Poonam Nayar, Supriya Hajela, Aswathy Kumaran, Rajesh Vairagi, Shalini Chauhan

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Abstract

Background: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the role of uterine blood flow parameters measured by uterine artery two-dimensional (2D)-power color doppler (PCD) ultrasound in predicting fertility outcomes in women undergoing IVF-ET cycles. Methods: In this prospective observational study, a total of 188 infertile women who underwent IVF-ET cycles were investigated. Uterine artery 2D-PD measurements were taken during early follicular phase and on day of trigger. Pulsatility Index (PI), Resistant Index (RI), Peak Systolic Velocity (PSV), and Systolic/Diastolic ratio (S/D) were measured. Statistical correlation was sought between the doppler parameters and fertility outcomes. Results: The pregnancy rate was 40.43% (76/188). The women who conceived (n= 76) (Group A) were found to have mean age of 31.2±3.9 years whereas the nonpregnant group of women (n=112) (Group B) had mean age of 31.45±4.25 years. The mean PI measurements subsequently during early follicular phase and on the day of hCG trigger between group A and group B were comparable (2.09±1.15 versus 1.9±0.95; p=0.385 and 1.86±1.12 versus 2.03±1.0; p=0.192, respectively). No significant changes in the uterine artery PSV values and S/D values and RI were noted during the cycle. Conclusion: Uterine artery doppler evaluation in women undergoing IVF cycles was not predictive of the pregnancy outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-256
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Reproduction and Infertility
Volume18
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Reproductive Medicine

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    Prasad, S., Goyal, R., Kumar, Y., Nayar, P., Hajela, S., Kumaran, A., Vairagi, R., & Chauhan, S. (2017). The relationship between uterine artery two-dimensional color doppler measurement and pregnancy outcome: A prospective observational study. Journal of Reproduction and Infertility, 18(2), 251-256.