Platelets have recently surfaced as critical players in cancer metastasis and the local and systemic responses to tumor growth. The emerging concept of “Tumor-educated platelets (TEPs)” comprises the exchange of biomolecules between tumor cells and platelets, thereby leading to the “education” of platelets. Increased platelet numbers have long been associated with cancer patients' tumor metastasis and poor clinical prognosis. However, it is very recently that researchers have delved deeper into the tumor-microenvironment and probed the mechanism of interactions between tumor cells and platelets. Designing strategies to target the TEPs and the communications between platelets and tumor cells can prove to be a promising breakthrough in cancer therapy. Through this review, we aim to analyze the recent developments in this field and discuss the characteristics of TEPs, focusing on ovarian cancer-associated TEPs and their characteristics, the interplay between ovarian cancer-associated TEPs and cancer cells, and the purview of TEP-targeted cancer diagnosis and therapy, including platelet biomarkers and inhibitors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Cell Biology